Martinique Macaw

Reconstruction of John Gerrard Keulemans from 1907 based on boutons Description

The Martinique Macaw (Ara martinica ) is a hypothetical extinct species of parrot that should have been at home on the French island of Martinique in the Eastern Caribbean.

1905 Walter Rothschild wrote the first scientific description about the Martinique Macaw, which was also published in 1907 in the book Extinct Birds. In the absence of a specimen copy Rothschild's description is based on a short trip report of the Jesuit priest Père Jacques Bouton (1591-1658), who wrote in 1640:

" The macaws are two or three times as large as other parrots and they have a spring dress that is colored very differently. Those that I have seen had a blue and orange-yellow ( saffron colored ) plumage. They also learned to speak and had a good body. "

Rothschild called these parrots first Anodorhynchus martinicus and later Ara martinicus. However, since there are no remains of macaws in Martinique, the existence of this unique island style can not be proven. Alternatively, it could be a feral population of Blue and Gold Macaws who were brought as pets to the island. Except boutons contribution there is no evidence of this kind only at a macaw, which was shown in 1626 in a painting by Savery Roelant next to a Dodo, there was speculation that it could be present in this bird to a Martinique Macaw.

In 1907, Rothschild described the dubious nature Ara erythrura ( in English sometimes called Yellow Blue Macaw called ) based on the following description of the clergy and naturalist Charles de Rochefort ( 1605-1883 ) developed from 1658:

" Among them were those who had a satin sky blue head, neck and back. The bottom of the neck, abdomen and the underside of the wing were yellow. The tail was completely red. "

This type is said to be indigenous to Jamaica and Martinique. However, the ornithologist James Cowan Greenway assumes in his work published in 1958, The extinct and vanishing birds of the world, that Rochefort's report is doubtful, since he had never visited Jamaica. Rather suspected Greenway that Rochefort's description on a contribution by Jean -Baptiste you based Tertre and that the form was identical to Ara Ara erythrura martinica, if they ever existed.

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