Martti Koskenniemi ( born March 18, 1953 in Turku ) is a Finnish lawyer and former diplomat. He is since 1994 professor of international law and since 1997 Director of the Erik Castrén Institute - International Law and Human Rights at the University of Helsinki. Especially His research interests include theory and structure of international law and its historical development. He is currently the basis of his publications as one of the leading legal scholars in this field.
Martti Koskenniemi was born in 1953 in Turku. He graduated in law at the University of Turku and acquired there in 1977 the conclusion of LL.B., 1982, LL.M. and 1989 doctoral degrees. From 1978 to 1994 he acted as legal advisor to several Finnish delegations to international conferences and organizations, including the General Assembly and the UN Security Council. From 1991 to 1992 he was among other things responsible for the Representation of Finland to the International Court of Justice in the case of passage through the Great Belt (Finland v. Denmark). In addition, he was the representative of Finland in a number of international organizations and bodies such as the UN Human Rights Commission, and from 2002 to 2005 of the International Law Commission of the United Nations.
In the diplomatic service, he was 1978-1989 attaché at the Finnish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and among other things, in the years 1979/1980 Finnish Vice-Consul in Marseille. From 1989 to 1991 he worked as a legal adviser to the Finnish permanent mission at the United Nations in New York and then to 1994 as Acting Director of the Department of International Law of the Foreign Ministry. Since 1994 he is professor of international law and since 1997 also director of the Erik Castrén Institute - International Law and Human Rights at the University of Helsinki. He was also a visiting professor at various foreign universities such as the University of Paris -Nord ( 1996), Cambridge University (1997), the University of Paris - Nanterre (2000 ), the University of Paris II Panthéon- Assas (2002), the Université Libre de Bruxelles (Honorary Chair " Henri Rolin ", 2003/2004), the University of Paris 1 Panthéon- Sorbonne ( 2004) and several times at New York University, at the law school he belongs between 1997 and 2007 since 2002, the Global Faculty.
At the Hague Academy of International Law Martti Koskenniemi worked in 1994 as Director of Studies for the field of public international law, in 1996 as director of the research center and in 2004 as a lecturer. He has published a number of historiographical contributions to the history of international law as well as work on its role in the international relations of which the book "The Gentle Civilizer of Nations. The Rise and Fall of International law 1870-1960 " is regarded as one of the most important contemporary treatises in this area. His dissertation that. Entitled "From Apology to Utopia The Structure of International Legal Argument " was first published in 1989 and reissued 16 years later, is regarded as pioneering work on the theory and structure of international law, as well as one of the most prominent English-language books that have been published on this topic in recent years.
Martti Koskenniemi was awarded the 1995 award for studies on the international role of Finland Kekkonen price and the Idman Prize for the best work published between 1992 and 1995 in the Nordic countries to international law. In 2002, the Finnish Bar Association appointed him to justice Scientist of the Year. In the same year he received for his one year earlier for the first time published book "The Gentle Civilizer of Nations. The Rise and Fall of International Law 1870-1960 " the certificate of merit of the American Society of International Law ( ASIL Certificate of Merit ). Since 2003 it belongs to the Institut de Droit International and since 2005 at the Academy of Finland.
- International Law Aspects of the European Union. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague 1998, ISBN 9-04-110488-7
- Sources of International Law. Ashgate Publishing, Burlington 2000, ISBN 1-84-014097-6
- The Gentle Civilizer of Nations. The Rise and Fall of International law 1870-1960. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2004, ISBN 0-52-154809-8
- From Apology to Utopia. The Structure of International Legal Argument. New edition (original edition 1989). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2005, ISBN 0-52-183806-1
- La politique du droit international. Éditions A. Pedone, Paris 2007, ISBN 2-23-300504- X