The Masters Tournament, the U.S. Masters, is one of the four major championships in golf.
Organizer of the Tournament taking place since 1934, the Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta (Georgia), USA. Unlike the other major tournaments, the Masters - an official event of the PGA TOUR and the PGA European Tour - an invitational tournament. However, there is a catalog of formal invitation criteria which ensure that the world's best players can go to the start.
The golf tournament will be played over four rounds (Thursday to Sunday). The tournament is set up so that the final day is usually the second Sunday in April. On Wednesday before that since 1960 the Par 3 Contest will be held on the short course.
The winner will be awarded since 1949 with a green jacket ( " Green Jacket " ) and a lifelong engagement right. It is a tradition that the winner of the previous year helps the current winners at the victory ceremony in the Jacket. At first, we overlooked the possibility that the previous year's winner may also be the current winner. Jack Nicklaus retired in his successful title defense in 1966, the BC at the suggestion of Bobby Jones himself to. In the repeat victories by Nick Faldo (1989 and 1990) and Tiger Woods (2001 and 2002) took over the club chairman, the assistant task.
During the crucial phase of the tournament for all possible appearing winners will be kept by the members of Green Jackets in a suitable size, so that the ceremony can take place in a timely manner. Then the winner will be measured and receive a tailored jacket, which he must take for a year to take home. Then it is kept in the clubhouse and stands him during visits at any time.
In addition to the Green Jacket, the winner receives a gold medal and a replica of the clubhouse in silver. In addition, he acquires invitations in the next five years for the other three majors and the Players Championship, as well as a five-year eligibility at the PGA Tour. The winner may also determine the menu at the " Champions ' Dinner " next year. Foreign winners usually present delicacies from their home: Bernhard Langer of Germany brought eg Sauerbraten (1986 ) with the Scot Sandy Lyle serving haggis (1989 ), the Spaniard Jose Maria Olazabal waited with Paella ( 1995 ), and Charl Schwartzel of South Africa a South African barbecue (2012 ). Most fine dinners are held, but in 1998 was Tiger Woods a hearty menu of cheeseburgers, chicken and milkshakes serve.
The runner-up receives a silver plate and a medal, the best amateur the Silver Cup, the second best the Silver Medal.
For the best round of the day, there is a crystal vase for a hole-in -one or Albatross a crystal bowl and for each Eagle two crystal glasses.
The statistics lead to Jack Nicklaus (6 wins ), Arnold Palmer and Tiger Woods ( 4 wins each ). Bernhard Langer won so far the only German (1985 and 1993).
See also: List of winners at Golf Major Tournaments
¹ result compared to par ² The number in parentheses after playoff ( jump-off) indicates the number of players involved.
The following players won the tournament more than once:
- 6 wins Jack Nicklaus: 1963, 1965, 1966, 1972, 1975, 1986
- Arnold Palmer: 1958, 1960, 1962, 1964
- Tiger Woods: 1997, 2001, 2002, 2005
- Jimmy Demaret: 1940, 1947, 1950
- Sam Snead: 1949, 1952, 1954
- Gary Player: 1961, 1974, 1978
- Nick Faldo: 1989, 1990, 1996
- Phil Mickelson: 2004, 2006, 2010
- Horton Smith: 1934, 1936
- Byron Nelson: 1937, 1942
- Ben Hogan: 1951, 1953
- Tom Watson: 1977, 1981
- Seve Ballesteros: 1980, 1983
- Ben Crenshaw: 1984, 1995
- Jose Maria Olazabal: 1994, 1999