The son of Carl Wieman Osnabrück lawyers and nephew of the writer Bernard Wieman grew after the early death of his father, first in Wiesbaden and after the remarriage of the mother Elise, a native Altmann, an art historian in Berlin. He attended the Schiller Grammar School and studied four semesters of philosophy and art history in Berlin. He attended drama school for three months from the Deutsches Theater. In 1926 he married actress Erika My Guest.
Coming from the Holsteiner traveling theater troupe Holtorf, it was during the era of Max Reinhardt at the Deutsches Theater Berlin firmly committed, and later as a freelance actor. Am Theater Wieman was particularly frequently to see as Faust in Goethe's tragedy of the same name.
Wieman film career began even when silent film; His first sound film was 1929 Country without women. "When I saw the premiere of this very first Tonfilmes ever in Berlin Capitol, grabbed me paralyzing horror: that was my voice - this hoarse sound " In 1932, Wieman in Leni Riefenstahl's directorial debut The blue light as the painter Vigo.
His best-known film roles, the film adaptation of Theodor Storm novella heard The White Horse Rider of 1933.
In 1936, Wieman staged for Eberhard Wolfgang Möller francs Würfelspiel on the Dietrich Eckart Open-air stage and also played himself the Black Knight.
Also of note is his involvement in the film I Accuse of 1941, which dealt with euthanasia and same should support the "euthanasia program " Nazi propaganda.
Furthermore Wieman had often as reciter on the radio, but also on speaking panels he mediated primarily German poetry. Examples are the extensive series broadcasts treasure in Nazi Germany transmitter and Goethe tells his life for the Hamburg Radio and later the records series Mathias Wieman small nightclub.
Wieman also recited extensive excerpts from the Odyssey of Homer on record. Legendary is his part as the narrator in two recordings of Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf; this originated in 1950 with the Berlin Philharmonic under the baton of Fritz Lehmann and 1962 with the Orchestre National de France under Lorin Maazel.
In addition, Wieman in the 1960s was a popular advertising spokesman, so among other things for the brandy Asbach brand: " If one happens to so many good things ... "
He had his last stage appearance on 19 November 1969. Than Manders in Henrik Ibsen's " Ghosts " at the Thalia Theater in Hamburg He died three weeks later after a stomach surgery in Zurich. His wife Erika My guest survived him by three years. The urns were both buried in the tomb Wiemanschen on the Osnabrück Johannis cemetery.
1937 Mathias Wieman was appointed to the state actresses. In 1958 he received the highest award in addition to the honorary citizenship of the city of Osnabrück, Justus Moser Medal. The award would be given to him during a guest performance with the play time limit on February 19, 1958 on the stage of the Osnabrück Theater. 1965 Wieman was awarded the Bambi.