Matteo Renzi ( born January 11, 1975 in Florence) is an Italian politician (PD) and since February 2014 Prime Minister of Italy. From 2009 to 2014 he was mayor of Florence. Previously, he was president since 2004 of the province of Florence. In a basic coordination among party supporters Renzi was elected on 8 December 2013 Chairman ( segretario ) of the Partito Democratico.
Renzi grew up in Rignano sull'Arno, the home of his parents. His father was Tiziano 1985-2002 council of the Partito Popolare Italiano ( PPI) in this city. Matteo Renzi graduated from the University of Florence, where he completed his Law studies with a diploma in 1999. After graduation, he worked at, which was founded in Genoa by his father marketing firm CHIL srl (today CHIL Post srl ), he held from 1999 to 2004, together with his sister, the majority stake in the company.
Renzi is married and father of three children since 1999 with the high school teacher Agnese Landini ( b. 1977 ).
Renzis political career began in the period of study. In 1996 he participated in the founding of the Comitati by Prodi, to support the campaign by Romano Prodi in part and entered the PPI, whose chairman for the province of Florence, he was in 1999. In 2002, the PPI went into the newly founded party La Margherita - on Democrats è Libertà. Renzi was also coordinator for this party and later chairman of the province of Florence. After the dissolution of Margherita 2007, he joined the newly formed Partito Democratico (PD).
From 2004 to 2009 he was president of the province of Florence.
On 15 February 2009, he took part in the primaries of the PD for the office of mayor of Florence and won with 40.52 % of votes. At 21-22. June 2009, he was elected with 59.96 % of the vote for mayor of Florence. In the same year he was elected to the extended board of PD.
In December 2010, Renzi of heated debate when he went to Silvio Berlusconi at his villa in Arcore for an interview. Renzi denied again and again a close to Berlusconi, Berlusconi also there during the primaries in 2012 expressed his sympathy for the mayor of Florence.
In 2011 he was, according to a survey by the newspaper Il Sole 24 Ore, the popular mayor of Italy.
In the primaries for the top candidate of the center- left coalition for the parliamentary elections in Italy in 2013 Renzi scored in the first round on 25 November 2012, 35.5% the second best result, but lost with 39.3 %, the runoff election on December 2 clearly against Pier Luigi Bersani, who received 60.9 % and he promised full support in the election campaign.
According to the Italian parliamentary elections in late February 2013 there was a government crisis, because PD- party leader Pier Luigi Bersani failed in forming a government and resigned. Renzi threw Bersani and the rest of the party leadership then prior to tentative approach when trying to form a government. Renzi himself advocated quick elections and made it clear that he would run for the office of the top candidates again at internal party primaries. With this behavior, he sparked a fierce debate within the party. Trailer Bersani threw Renzi pretending to be from personal calculus against a minority government, led by the PD and for new elections. President Giorgio Napolitano appointed on April 24, 2013 Enrico Letta - as vice chief of the PD - with the formation of a government. He succeeded; his government - the Cabinet Letta - was sworn in on 28 April 2013.
Since December 2013, Guglielmo Epifani Renzi 's successor as chairman of the Partito Democratico. Renzi was able to secure a clear majority of 68 % of votes at the primary election, despite Prime Minister Enrico Letta Renzis had counterparty Gianni Cuperlo supported.
On February 14, 2014 Letta submitted his resignation from the post of prime minister after Renzi had vehemently urged him to do so. On February 17, 2014 Renzi was commissioned by President Napolitano to the formation of a new government. On February 22, 2014 he was sworn in with his Cabinet as the new Prime Minister.
Il Rottamatore ( " The Scrapper " )
Matteo Renzi calls itself - referred to the "old" elites - as " rottamatore " (from the Italian rottamare " scrap "). This nickname is due to his reputation that he wanted to " settle " the entire Italian political establishment, which is considered in much of the Italian public, as corrupt and discredited failed. His rise is seen by observers as a sign of a much-needed change of generations. He enjoys currently by far the highest approval rating of politicians in the country. He describes himself as a " hugely ambitious". Often it is also called "Speedy Gonzalez of Italian politics ", but is traditionally regarded as a moderate leader, close to center, catholic and a little.
- 2011: Fuori! ( " Get out " ), published by Rizzoli German: Get out! Policy with an open visor. Britz Horseshoe -Verlag, Berlin 2012, ISBN 978-3-942386-01-2.
- 2012: Stil Novo, published by Rizzoli
- 2013: Oltre la Rottamazione ( "In addition to scrapping " ), published by Mondadori Editore