Matthew Sands

Matthew Sands ( born October 20, 1919 in Oxford, Massachusetts) is an American physicist.

Sands studied at Clark University (Bachelor 1940) and at Rice University (Master 's degree ) Physics and mathematics and was, after work on the Manhattan Project during World War II at Los Alamos, 1948 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) with Bruno Rossi doctorate. In Los Alamos, he worked primarily with electronic techniques, and in 1948 he also published the book with Elmore Electronics. Experimental Techniques by McGraw Hill.

After his time at MIT, where he worked mainly on cosmic radiation, he was in 1950 at Caltech. In 1952 he was in Rome and Saclay in France. 1961/62 he reformed with Robert B. Leighton and Richard Feynman Physics introductory courses at Caltech. In 1963, he left Caltech and has been involved in the development and initial operation of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center ( SLAC ) (eg Spear storage ring ).

From 1969 he was at the University of California, Santa Cruz ( UCSC ), where he was emeritus in 1985 and until 1972 Vice Chancellor for Science. He remained until 1994 active in research as a consultant of SLAC and also served as a consultant physics teacher ( he developed computer programs and experiments for schools). Previously, he was from 1960 to 1966 in the Commission for physics teaching at colleges and worked in a national U.S. program to improve physics education at colleges and universities.

Sands was the first proved the quantum effects of electron accelerators experimentally and theoretically (1954 /55). He examined numerous other problems of accelerator physics, such as beam instabilities. In 1952 he discovered during a stay in Rome with Bruno Touschek integer resonances in strong -focusing synchrotrons. In 1959 he developed a later aufgegriffenes concept of a proton synchrotron high energy.

Sands is known as the official co-author with Richard Feynman and Robert Leighton Feynman Lectures on Physics famous ( published in 1965 by Addison -Wesley, German translation: Feynman Lectures on Physics ) consisting of initially begun by Sands and Leighton work to reform the two-year introductory course originated in physics at Caltech ( for undergraduates ). After Sands memories he could with Leighton often do not agree on the treatment of a topic and suggested Feynman, who had lectured only for advanced users ( Graduates ) until then to include as arbitrators. The lectures were finally recorded on tape and then transcribed by Leighton and Sands for publication ( in Volume 2 and 3 of Sands alone, because Leighton the course for the first year took over ). An originally planned additional band with exercises and additional explanations, never appeared.

Influential was his report The Physics of Electron Storage Rings, published in 1970 as SLAC -Report and developed from lectures at the Enrico Fermi Summer School in Varenna, Italy 1969.

In 1998 he received the Robert R. Wilson Prize for Achievement in the Physics of Particle Accelerators of the American Physical Society, which is awarded for outstanding achievements in physics of particle accelerators. In 1972 he received the Distinguished Service Award from the American Association of Physics Teachers. He was a member of the JASON Defense Advisory Group and one of the founding members of the Federation of American Scientists.