Max Schwabe was the younger brother of Congressman George B. Schwabe ( 1886-1952 ). After studying at the University of Missouri in Columbia, he worked in the insurance industry and as a farmer. At the same time he began a political career as a member of the Republican Party.
In the congressional elections of 1942, Schwabe was in the second electoral district of Missouri in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he succeeded the Democrat William L. Nelson on January 3, 1943. After two re- election he was able to complete in Congress until January 3, 1949 three legislative periods. These were shaped by the events of the Second World War and its immediate consequences. In 1948 Schwabe lost to Morgan M. Moulder.
Between 1953 and 1961 led Schwabe to the U.S. Department of Agriculture under the Ministry of authority Farmers Home Administration for the State of Missouri. After he retired from politics. Max Schwabe died on 31 July 1983 in his hometown of Columbia, where he was also buried.