The McLaren F1 is a super sports car, which was built between 1993 and 1997 106 times. Of these, 72 were sold as street-legal vehicles, 28 were converted in accordance with the FIA rules for GT1 racing car whose main field was the FIA GT Championship, six specimens were prototypes.
The body of the McLaren F1 was designed by former Brabham designer Gordon Murray. It consists of CFRP. The vehicle is a three-seater. The driver sits in the middle of an interior, slightly to the rear right and left of the driver's seat, passenger seats available. Thus, the F1 Matra Bagheera heard alongside the Murena and the few three -seater mid-engine sports car in the world, but has a central driving position as opposed to the front said. This was chosen in order to avoid the driver's head contact with the side roof bars ( "cant rails" ). Moreover, it should be optimized by the central seating position of the driver's point of view, the driving experience and make operation and handling, as well as (at least without a passenger ), the weight distribution.
The prototype XP 5 of the McLaren F1 reached on a ride on the VW proving ground in Ehra -Lessien, Lower Saxony a top speed of 386.403 km / h ( 240.1 miles per hour)., The vehicle was driven by Andy Wallace.
McLaren developed five prototypes of F1 before the first McLaren F1 was built in 1992. There was the:
- XP1 ( the experimental prototype 1): destroyed in a fire after three months
- XP2: used for the crash test
- XP3: used for a long-term test (231 mph) on the round course of Nardo (Italy).
- XP4 and XP5: marketing department Cars
The first regular series copy was passed in December 1993 in Monaco to a customer. The McLaren F1 at that time cost the equivalent of about 1.5 million DM and was thus the most expensive production car in the world.
- McLaren F1 ( road version, 64 points)
- McLaren F1 LM ( street version, 5 pieces )
- McLaren F1 GT ( street version, 3 pieces )
- McLaren F1 GTR ( Race Version, 28 pieces)
From F1 GTR several copies were roadworthy converted and approved.
Oblique view of a McLaren F1 GT
Oblique view of a McLaren F1 LM
Oblique view of a McLaren F1 GTR " Longtail "
Rear view of a McLaren F1 racing car ( a GTR " Longtail " of BMW Motorsport)
Also, a " long tail " during a FIA GT race ( by Gary Ayles Parabolic occupied )
McLaren F1 GTR in the box
The engines were based on uprated twelve-cylinder engines by BMW Motorsport GmbH and were developed under the direction of Paul Rosche, the man who was responsible for the Formula 1 turbo engine from BMW. The BMW V12 had a displacement of 6.1 liters and has been in several power levels of 461 kW ( 627 hp) to 500 kW ( 680 hp ) are used. The internal names for these engines from BMW were S70 / 2 and S70 / 3, the basic version ( S70) of the engines was used in the BMW 850 CSi model. The ( S 70 /1) version with 404 kW ( 550 hp ) should apply originally planned top model (M8 ) of the BMW 8-series application, however, was never realized for reasons of cost and not with the 850 CSi ( a kind of " economy version " the M8 with 279 kW ( 380 hp ), which will be without four-valve technology, VANOS and individual throttle butterflies ) is identical. This engine is also not to be confused with the M70 and M73 engines, which are distantly related to each other but used in the 750i and 850i.
The engines have four valves per cylinder and variable camshaft timing ( VANOS ). The weight is 266 kg. The engine came later in the BMW V12 LMR used.
The McLaren F1 has a transverse mounted gearbox with six gears and a carbon fiber clutch.
The performance varied due to the different engine types and grades of weight of the vehicle.
The McLaren F1 (the data of the models LM, GT and GTR differ from those from ):
- Acceleration from 0 to 100 km / h in 3.4 seconds
- Acceleration from 0 to 160 km / h in 6.3 seconds
- Acceleration from 0 to 200 km / h in 9.4 seconds
- Acceleration from 0 to 300 km / h in 23.0 seconds
- Braking from 371 km / h to 0 in about 9 seconds ( 500 m)
- Brakes 100 to 0 km / h 38.2 m
- Max. Lateral acceleration 1.2 g
- 1/4 mile ( 402.3 m) from a standing start in 11.1 seconds
- 1 kilometers from a standing start in 19.6 seconds, top speed 285 km / h
- Top speed 391.23 km / h
McLaren F1 LM:
- Acceleration from 0 to 100 km / h in 3.9 seconds
- Acceleration from 0 to 160 km / h in 6.7 seconds
- Brakes 100 to 0 km / h 38.2 m
- 1/4 mile ( 402.3 m) from a standing start in 11.0 seconds
- Top speed 391 km / h
There is a GTR version street legal with 548 kW ( 745 hp). According to McLaren, the engine can be up to 736 kW afford (1,000 hp) at 9,500 to 10,000 rpm. This is noted in the report of the McLaren magazine "Racing Line" (from the record drive in 1998 ).
In the Guinness Book of World Records from 2000, was the McLaren F1 6.1 as the strongest production car.
" The most powerful production car in the world is currently the McLaren F1 6.1, which develops a braking power of about 627 hp. It accelerates to 96.5 km / h in 3.2 seconds and reaches a top speed of 391 km / h "
The F1 this item held for seven years until it was replaced by the Bugatti Veyron 16.4 in 2007. However, the F1 is the fastest production car in the world is to this day, which is powered by a naturally aspirated engine.
In a report of the English broadcast Fifth Gear, the testers found an average consumption of around 47 liters per 100 km.
To the greatest success of the F1 of the total victory of the 24- hour race in Le Mans is one in 1995. The McLaren F1 was able to win the race while in his first start at Le Mans, which had previously still managed to not drive. In addition, four other F1 occupied positions 3, 4, 5, and 13 in 1999, also the BMW V12 LMR won with a similar engine.
Used models are regularly traded from 1,000,000 euros. A small inspection after 3,000 km or 6 months, costs about 5000 euros, a large inspection after 10,000 km or 18 months costs around 50,000 euros. Contributions to the automobile insurance amount annually at 100 % to approximately 30,000 euros.
- Ralph Lauren, fashion designer, has two pieces
- Ron Dennis, Chairman of McLaren
- Jay Leno, U.S. talk show host
- George Harrison, deceased member of the Beatles
- Eric Clapton, musician, Harrison took over vehicle
- Wyclef Jean, American musician
- Liam Howlett, a member of the group The Prodigy
- James H. Clark, founder of Netscape Communications Corporation
- Mansour Ojjeh, entrepreneur and part owner of Techniques d' Avant Garde
- Elon Musk, founder of PayPal
- Larry Ellison, CEO of Oracle
- Nick Mason, drummer for Pink Floyd
- Hassanal Bolkiah, Sultan of Brunei, has at least three copies
- Paul Stewart, son of Jackie Stewart and racers, took Howletts vehicle
- Vítor Baía, former goalkeeper of FC Porto
- Rowan Atkinson, English actor and comedian. The vehicle sustained frontal damage in 1999 and in 2011 another accident total loss. It was repaired at a more than year-long stay in the workshop again.
- Missy Elliott, rapper from the United States.
1995 caused the former BMW chairman Bernd Pischetsrieder with a McLaren F1 at a private exit to a Bavarian highway near Rosenheim, a total loss when he went off in a fast curve of the road. About the pace before the accident, all parties and the police remain silent, the public got information from internal investigations, however, indicate that the accident at " well over 100 km / h" happened. Even weeks after the accident Pischetsrieder would make any statement about the about the speed being driven time of the accident. This behavior is - according to a high BMW manager - for the CEO "image damaging " and the BMW Group, " more than embarrassing ." The BMW 's supervisory board was very unhappy about his behavior, the prosecutor was investigating Pischetsrieder for negligent injury.
At least two other total loss there was in this and the following years with other drivers in Germany, one of them on the Federal Highway 5 near Darmstadt at a speed of about 270 km / h
Rowan Atkinson, who plays the comedy character Mr Bean, had two copies of the McLaren McLaren F1. With both vehicles, he suffered accidents: 1999 there was a total loss. With another F1 (No. 061) he crashed heavily in August 2011. Atkinson left the car at the factory up from scratch. In November 2012, the car was ready to drive again. Since then, the actor uses the car daily by its own account.
Ron Dennis also destroyed a McLaren F1, as he drove the car on a test drive on the Suzuka International Racing Course with high speed against a boundary wall. All accidents mentioned here ended without major injury for the driver or passenger.