Mecklenburgische Seenplatte (district)
The county Mecklenburg Lake District is a district and a planning region in the state of Mecklenburg- Vorpommern. County seat is Neubrandenburg. In Demmin, Neustrelitz and Waren (Müritz ) are branches of the administration.
- 6.1 Economics
- 6.2 traffic
The county Mecklenburg Lake District is made up of the eastern part of the historic Mecklenburg as well as a smaller part of the historical Vorpommern. Neighboring districts are in the western part of the district of Ludwigsburg pleasure Parchim and the district of Rostock, north of the district Vorpommern - Rügen and in the eastern district of Vorpommern - Greifswald. In the south of the county borders the counties Ostprignitz -Ruppin, Brandenburg, Upper Havel and Uckermark. With an area of 5468 km ² it is currently by far the largest county in Germany. The largest to September 3, 2011 County, Uckermark, comprises 3058 km ², the smallest area country, Saarland, has an area of 2568 km ².
The district is characterized by the landscapes of the Mecklenburg Switzerland, with the nature park Mecklenburg Switzerland and Lake Kummerow and the eponymous lake district with the Müritz National Park. Most of the lakes are connected by natural or artificial channels. Six of the ten largest lakes of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern belong to the circle area: the second largest lake in Germany, the Müritz, parts of Lake Plau, the Lake Kummerow, Kölpinsee, Tollensee and Malchiner lake. Overall, the water area is 51.906 ha ( approximately 9.5% of the circular area ), including, but not 837 lakes with a surface area of at least 0.01 km ². The Springing the Tollensee Tollense flows through the Mecklenburgisch - Western Pomerania Grenztal, a glacial valley which forms the historic border between Mecklenburg and Pomerania, and flows near Demmin in the Peene. In Ankershagen the Brandenburg and Berlin springs flowing through and in Saxony -Anhalt opening into the Elbe Havel.
The highest elevation in the county and the entire state of Mecklenburg -Vorpommern, with a maximum height of 179.2 meters above mean sea level of the ridge of the mountains Helpter. The largest towns are the county seat Neubrandenburg, Neustrelitz, Waren ( Müritz) and Demmin.
In July 2010, a " closed-loop structure law" for the reorganization of the counties and cities within a circular area of reform was adopted by the parliament of the Federal State of Mecklenburg- Vorpommern, which provided for the restructuring of the state in six counties and two county-level cities. Under the plan name County Mecklenburg Lake District should be doing from the previously independent city Neubrandenburg, the Müritz district, the district of Mecklenburg -Strelitz and the City Dargun, the Hanseatic town of Demmin and the offices Demmin - country Malchin on Lake Kummerow, Stavenhagen and Treptower Tollensewinkel from the district Demmin a new district created. To the district administration office, the city of Neubrandenburg was determined. After a complaint by the counties Müritz, Ludwig Lust, East Pomerania, Rügen and Uecker -Randow and the two autonomous cities of Wismar and Greifswald failed against the county government reform before the country's Constitutional Court in Greifswald, the previously existing counties were dissolved at the end of the 3rd September 2011 and the new counties formed.
On September 4, 2011, the date of entry into force of the district reform and at the same time the state election, the voters voted off on the new council and the county name. The choice was between county Mecklenburgisch - Western Pomerania Lakeland, proposed by the district Demmin, Mecklenburg Lake District and county, proposed by the districts of Müritz, Mecklenburg -Strelitz, and the city of Neubrandenburg. The latter proposal was finally able to prevail with 83.8 percent of the valid votes cast.
Cities and Towns
(Population 31 December 2011)
Official Free communities
Offices with official member municipalities and cities * Head Office Management
- 2 Office Friedland ( 9032 )
- 3 Office Malchin on Lake Kummerow ( 12,905 )
- 4 Office Malchow ( 10,821 )
- 5 Office Mecklenburg small lakes ( 8217 )
- 6 Office Neustrelitz -Land ( 7553 ) [Seat: Neustrelitz ]
- 7 Office Neverin ( 8741 )
- 8 Official Penzliner Country ( 6956 )
- 9 Office Robel - Müritz ( 14,838 )
- Resolution of the municipalities United Gievitz, Hinrichshagen and Lansen -Schönau - neoplasm of community Peene Hagen ( 1 January 2012)
- Dissolution of communities large and Dratow Schloen - neoplasm of the municipality Dratow - Schloen (1 January 2012, 1 January 2014, in Schloen - Dratow renamed)
- Resolution of the communities Krukow, Lapitz and Pukhov - neoplasm of the municipality Kuckssee (1 January 2012 )
- Incorporation of Mallin in the city Penzlin (1 January 2012 )
- Incorporation of Schwinkendorf in the community Moltzow (1 January 2013)
- Incorporation of Vielist in the community Grabowhöfe (1 January 2013)
Wiekhäuser in the walled city of Neubrandenburg
Neubrandenburg gate in Friedland
City Church Neustrelitz
The district area belongs to the Federal Electoral Act ( 2008) the three constituencies Greifswald - Demmin - East Pomerania ( Constituency 16), Bad Doberan Güstrow - Müritz ( Constituency 17), and Neubrandenburg Mecklenburg -Strelitz - Uecker -Randow ( Constituency 18) on. According to the provincial and municipal law of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, the state of Mecklenburg -Western Pomerania is divided for the election of the state parliament in 36 constituencies. Of these, seven in the district Mecklenburg Lake District: Neubrandenburg I ( Constituency 2), Neubrandenburg II ( Constituency 3), partially Demmin I ( Constituency 13), Demmin II ( Constituency 14), Müritz I ( Constituency 20), Mecklenburg -Strelitz I ( Constituency 21) and Mecklenburg- Strelitz II / Müritz II ( constituency 22).
For local elections the district is divided into 13 electoral areas with a total of 395 electoral districts:
The council of the district of Mecklenburg Lake District Pursuant to § 60 of the state and municipal law of Mecklenburg- Vorpommern on 77 deputies and is elected in a connected with the persons choice of proportional representation for five years. Each voter has three votes he can distribute to one, two or three candidates. According to the result of the election on 4 September 2011, the district council is composed as follows:
The district is in the country and selected in accordance with § 67 municipal law of Mecklenburg- Vorpommern in majority vote for a term of seven years. To be elected, a candidate needs more than half of the valid votes. If that were successful anyone on the first ballot, a runoff election between the two candidates with the most votes will be carried out. The candidate who can unite the most votes is elected.
For the transition period from the formation of the district in September 2011 to hold office until the first district administrator in October 2011, the former district administrator of the district was the Ministry of Interior of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern on the proposal from the county councils of the dissolved districts Demmin, Mecklenburg -Strelitz and Müritz and the town council Neubrandenburg Müritz Bettina Paetsch (CDU ), was appointed to the officer for the county. The choice of the district administrator was organized at the country and district election on September 4, 2011. To select five candidates were: Heiko Kärger (CDU, former District of Mecklenburg -Strelitz ), Siegfried Konieczny ( left, former district of Demmin ), Michael Löffler (SPD ), Enrico Komning (FDP) and Kathrin Grumbach ( Green ). Since none of the candidates in the first ballot could win the necessary absolute majority of the valid votes cast, a runoff election was carried out 14 days later, when Heiko Kärger prevailed against Siegfried Konieczny.
Coat of arms
Designed by Schwerin heraldist Heinz Kippnick coat of arms was adopted on December 2, 2013 council approved on 11 March 2014 the Ministry of Interior of the State of Mecklenburg- Vorpommern and registered in the coat of arms role.
Blazon: " Splitted and semi- divided by wave cut; forward in a half gold guardant bull's head at the gap with closed mouth, knocked- red tongue with a silver horn; rear top in silver erect a golden red reinforced grip with surrounding rolled tail below in blue seven silver shaft threads. "
Werlischer bull's head and Pomeranian Griffin are widely used as a coat of arms in the county. The bull's head refers to the previous affiliation of large parts of present-day district to rule Werle; he found himself back in the arms of the predecessor districts Müritz, Mecklenburg- Strelitz, Demmin and. The Cross symbolizes the membership of parts of the present-day district of the duchy of Pomerania, he finds himself among others in the coat of arms of the cities Altentreptow and Demmin. The seven shaft threads symbolize the water-rich landscape and the previous Altkreisstädte Altentreptow, Demmin, Malchin, Neustrelitz, Robel and goods as well as the formerly independent city of Neubrandenburg.
The coat of arms of the district are included in the list of the coat of arms in the district Mecklenburg Lake District.
In June 2011, a distribution of administrative tasks on four sites was decided by the co-operation staff for the county. In addition to the county seat Neubrandenburg the former district towns Neustrelitz, Demmin and goods received following fields:
- Staff / Office District
- Office of Central Services
- Office of Personnel
- Audit Office
- Office of Finance
- Legal and municipal supervision Office
- Office of Economics, Culture, Tourism
- Building Department
- And Cadastral Office
- Environmental Office
- Office of School Administrators
- Social security office
- Youth Office
- Health Office
- Order Office
- Veterinary and Food Control Office
Cutting red tape
The county Mecklenburg Lake District is June 6 2013 " Model Region for less bureaucracy." It should therefore be a pioneer in the bureaucracy.
Economy and Transport
The economy of the district is heavily influenced by tourism.
Larger works include
- The works of De Mäkelbörger, SMW, Spheros, Tele gate, Webasto, Weber- engineering and Weka timber in Neubrandenburg,
- The Netinera works for maintenance of railway vehicles, the Frachtpostzentrum 17 Deutsche Post and the German Center for Aerospace in Neustrelitz
- The Mecklenburg metal casting, the Heinrich Nölke operation and the seagull pasta works in Waren / Müritz,
- The feed producer Fugema Malchin.
- The media service provider Optimal media GmbH in Robel / Müritz
The Federal Highway 20 crosses the county: Coming from the north, they will first of Bartow south toward Neubrandenburg, Neubrandenburg from the junction - east to east to Schönhausen and leaves the county in the direction Pasewalk. The Federal Highway 19 connects the city of Rostock with the federal highway 24 in Wittstock / Dosse in Brandenburg. Furthermore run the federal highways 96, 104, 108, 110, 122, 192, 193, 194, 197, 198 and 199, including the railway lines Berlin- Stralsund, Biitzow -Stettin, Parchim - Neubrandenburg, Neustrelitz -Warnemünde and the tourist cycle routes Berlin- Copenhagen, Elbe -Müritz, Hamburg- Rügen, the Ice Age route Mecklenburg Lake District, the Havel River Bike Path and the Mecklenburg Lake bike trail through the county area.
In the public transport bus services run various regional transport companies, with timetables often determined primarily on the needs of the student movement. The largest transport company is the municipal MVVG.
Classified as federal waterways are the Waterways and Shipping Office Stralsund and Peene assigned to the Waterways and Shipping Office Eberswalde belonging Müritz- Havel waterway and Upper Havel waterway. The only commercial airport in the circle is the airport Neubrandenburg -Troll Hagen.
Education and Research
Major schools of the district include the recognized as an elite sports school sports high school Neubrandenburg, the Albert -Einstein -Gymnasium Neubrandenburg, the Gymnasium Carolinum in Neustrelitz, the musically -oriented Goethe -Gymnasium Demmin or scientifically oriented Richard Wossidlo High School in goods.
The only university of the circle is the university founded in 1991, Neubrandenburg with the departments of Food Science and Agriculture, Landscape Architecture, Geoinformatics, Geodesy and Civil Engineering, Social Work, education, health, maintenance and management.
In addition, the German Aerospace Center (DLR ) in Neustrelitz maintains branches of the German Remote Sensing Data Centre and the Institute of Communications and Navigation, or for Remote Sensing.