The medalist (also Eisengräber, iron cutter, engraver ) is an artist who designs medals, plaques and coins, and often performs. The design is used as dies for embossing or casting.


The inner part was originally from Münzgraveur directly, deepened and that is a mirror image, in the Münzeisen ( coin dies ) with a gouge " inward dug ". This results in the previous names of the engraver as iron tombs and iron cutter. The medalist, who worked for a coin in the civil service, for example, was in the Electorate of Saxony appointed as " Chur princely Saxon coin- iron cutter". It was mostly the Münzgraveuren allows for the improvement of their income in addition to official orders of the state, the provision of coin and medal dies to manufacture medals in private job.

The development path for Münzgraveur ( Münzmedailleur ) was initially training as an engraver. After learning the craft Equipping people artistic training in modeling and portrait drawing was required. Most of the visit was an art college. Before the introduction of Medailleurs as public servants and Münzgraveur a mint to the state employment probation as Hilfsgraveur was required.

Today make use of modern production methods to be used for the production of coin dies. After the drawing made ​​by the artist an enlarged plaster model is made, which is scanned with computer technology and transmitted in an engraving milling machine to the specified size. The master stamper thus generated is still reworked by engravers. From the master stamper is produced by the Arbeitspatrize cut, and the get the coin dies her negative image again by the pressing force of the press. Nevertheless, cut in 20th century still outstanding Medalists Medal designs directly, deepened with a gouge and a mirror image, in the steel punch and gave up the existing reducer.

The coin and medal signature marks on coins and medals the work of the medalist name as author. It is often found on a hidden part of the coin or medal, and must not be confused with the Münzmeisterzeichen.