Melrose, Scottish Borders

Melrose is a town of about 1,820 inhabitants ( 2004 estimate ) in the Scottish border country ( Scottish Borders ) on the banks of the River Tweed. The name " Melrose " comes from the Celtic - mail rhos, which translates as " ordered, managed meadow " means. Melrose is located in the County of Roxburghshire.


Originally the name was Melrose Fordel. It was not until the year 1136 began Cistercian monks who destroyed 839 originally and a few miles further east Melrose Abbey rebuild near the settlement, the village has gradually assumed the name of the monastery. In the 14th century and in the 1540s the city suffered just like the abbey repeated incident English troops. When the abbey finally had to be closed permanently in 1560 because of the Reformation, the town of Melrose was already an established center for wool and linen production.


In Melrose there are the ruins of Melrose Abbey, where the heart of the Scottish king Robert I called Robert the Bruce, is to be buried. In the vicinity of Melrose are the Roman fort Trimontium and Dryburgh Abbey. The nearby Eildon Hills were in the Iron Age is an important base of the trunk of Votadini what remember the remains of a huge hill fort on the top of the eastern hill. In the hills and King Arthur is supposed to be buried. A few miles west of the city is Abbotsford House, home of the writer Sir Walter Scott.

The Ba'Game, a returning to pagan tradition game of Orkney is mostly known, is played here the year.