Melvin Schwartz ( born November 2, 1932 in New York City; † August 28, 2006 in Twin Falls, Idaho ) was an American physicist. He received in 1988 along with Leon Lederman and Jack Steinberger Max the Nobel Prize for Physics for their basic experiments on neutrinos - weakly interacting elementary particles with vanishing or very small rest mass.
He grew up during the Great Depression in New York and attended the Bronx High School of Science.
He received his Bachelor of Arts ( 1953) and Ph.D. (1958 ) at Columbia University, where his future Nobel Prize - Isidor Isaac Rabi award presenter was head of the physics faculty. At the same time, he was from 1956 to 1958 at the Brookhaven National Laboratory. Schwartz 1958 Assistant Professor at Columbia University. He was promoted to associate professor in 1960 and professor in 1963. Tsung- Dao Lee, a colleague of Schwartz at Columbia University and also Nobel Prize winners, Schwartz inspired to experiment for which he later received the Nobel Prize. Schwartz and his Mitpreisträger resulted in the nearby Brookhaven National Laboratory, by the early 1960s these experiments, as they were all on the physics faculty of Columbia three.
1966, after 17 years in Columbia, he went to Stanford University, where the new particle accelerator SLAC had just been completed. There he were generated and detected from investigations of CP violation in the decay of long-lived neutral kaons as well as on another project in the hydrogen-like atoms of a pion and a muon involved.
In the 1970s, he founded Digital Pathways, which he was president from 1970 to 1991. 1991 to 1994 he was Deputy Director for High Energy and Nuclear Physics at Brookhaven National Laboratory. At the same time, he was again professor of physics at Columbia. It was founded in 1994 I.I. Rabi Professor of Physics Emeritus and 2000. His retirement was spent in Ketchum, Idaho, where he died on 28 August 2006.
Since 1975 he was a member of the National Academy of Sciences.
- The early history of high energy neutrino physics, in Hoddeson among others (Ed.): The rise of the standard model, Cambridge University Press 1997