Menznau is a municipality in the constituency Willisau the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.
- 2.1 languages
- 2.2 Religions - confessions
- 2.3 origin - Nationality
Menznau is the most south-eastern municipality of the Office Willisau and lies between Wolhusen and Willisau. Menznau borders Buttisholz, large cheeks, Hergiswil Willisau, Romoos, Ruswil, Willisau and Wolhusen. With an area of over 30 km ², it is one of the larger villages in the canton of Lucerne. From the community area 59.3 % is used for agriculture. Other 34.7 % is covered by forest or woodlands and only 5.4 % settlement area. The municipality has two faces. West and south of the village Menznau it consists of a rugged, heavily forested hills - while it includes east and north of a deforested plateau. Between these extremes lies a narrow valley, which is drained by the Seewag. Southern boundaries form the Bach crash and the Little Fontanne.
From Waldighüsli ( 8 km southwest of Menznau village) on noise Bach leads the municipal boundary in a northeasterly direction to the Kaltenegg ( 1,040 m) west of Menzberg - and then getting the road Menzberg - Twerenegg - Menznau along to Niespel (1,9 km south-west of the village ), where she strikes a northerly direction as far up as Badhuet ( 2.4 km north-northwest of the village ). There it turns east and forms the northern boundary of the parish. When lying on the northeast slope of the Geissberg hamlet Tambach ( 3 km northeast of the village; 597 m above sea level ), she turns to Soppensee to the southeast. From Soppensee the municipal boundary changes just to the south, then it flows with the ( Great ) Schwarzenbach just to the northwest - and then finally turn off to the south. You reached at Wolhusen bath the Wolhuser Wigger and follows its course to its original sources. After a few meters west direction it leads south to Flühbach. Meanwhile, they run follows in the flow direction to the confluence of Little Flühbach and Fontanne. Finally follows the municipal boundary to the running of the Little Fontanne bach up to Waldighüsli.
Districts, hamlets and farmhouses
The municipality consists of several districts and several hamlets and farmsteads. Menznau village located 4 km north-west of Wolhusen in the Valley of Seewag. To the municipality of the district belongs Geiss (1,7 km north-east of the village; 616 m asl ), which is located on the southwestern slope of the Geissberg. The district Twerenegg located in the hills, 3.5 km southwest of the village at 910 m asl on the road to Menzberg. This Menzberg is after the village of the largest settlements of the municipality and is even 7 km south-west from the village on 1'016 m asl
The largest settlements have Elsnau (600 m northwest of the village; 610 m asl ), Elswil (2 km north-east of the village; 600 m asl ) in Geiss, Tutensee (1.5 km south-east; 618 m. above sea level) with the same name Tutensee ( Tuetenseeli called ), the scattered settlement Rengg ( 896-933 m above sea level, 6 km south) north-west between the Flühbach and Little Fontannen, Rötelberg (1.6 km; 612 m), Seehof (3.7 km north-east; 602m.ü.M. ) on the northwest shore of the Soppensees and Blochwil (1.6 km to the north, 576 m asl ).
There are numerous streams in the municipality. In addition to the streams mentioned above, these are the Burgacker Bach and the ( Small ) Black Brook, which flow into the Tutensee. The ( Big ) Black Brook flows through Geiss and Ruswiler Rotbach by Blochwil. And the Rickenbach opens into the Seewag in Menznau village.
From 1798 to 1850, the population increased sharply ( from 1798 to 1850: 32.5 %). With the exception of the decade 1860-1870 the population declined by rural exodus to the industrial areas heavily ( 1850-1900: -18.4 %). Within two decades it grew again to the level of 1850 ( from 1900 to 1920: 22.1 %). From 1920 to 1980 was followed by an up and down (a total of 1920 to 1980: -3.4 %). Then, the number of residents grew by leaps and bounds within twenty years (1980-2000: 26.8 %). The year 2000 was the year with the highest ever measured population. Since then, the community loses again inhabitants (2000-2004: -4.1 %).
The population used as everyday language, a high- Alemannic dialect. At the last census in 2000 gave 94.04 % German, 2.95% Albanian and Serbo-Croatian at 1.33% as the main language.
Religions - faiths
Previously, all the inhabitants were members of the Roman Catholic Church. By leaving the church and immigration from other regions in Switzerland and abroad, this has changed. Today ( as of 2000) looks the religious landscape as follows. There are 83.82 % and 7.44% Roman Catholic Evangelical Protestant Christians. In addition, one finds Muslims 2.25% and 1.65 % non-religious. A high for a rural community rate of 4.00% refused to answer on religious affiliation.
Origin - Nationality
Of the 2,732 inhabitants end of 2006, 2'536 Swiss and 196 ( = 7.2%) foreigners. At the last census, 89.96 % were (including dual citizens 90,84 % ) Swiss nationals. The largest immigrant groups come from the former Yugoslavia, Germany, Portugal, Austria and Spain.
Menznau is on the railway line Wolhusen - Langenthal. While the district Geiss is not accessible by the public transport, performs a postal bus to the hamlet Menzberg. Menznau is on the main road Wolhusen - Willisau - Dagmersellen. The nearest motorway connections to the A2 are located in a northeasterly direction at a distance of 15 km in Sursee km and 17 km to the north in Dagmersellen.
Around 1100 came the Grange Menznau by the Counts Fenis Hare castle at the Benedictine monastery of St. Johann in Erlach on the Lake Biel. This ownership of Menzenowa was instituted by Pope Lucius III. 1185 confirmed in a letter to protect the monastery. Church and parish were probably founded in the 13th century by the barons of Hasenburg ( Willisau ). To 1320, the castle site Kasteln and the patronage of the Church and the rights to the German lower house of the Order Hitzkirch went on. After the abolition of Coming Hitzkirch 1803 Lucerne took over the rights. From 1798 to 1803 Menznau belonged to the district Ruswil; thereafter until 1814 Entlebuch. From 1814 it belonged to the Official Sursee and first since 1831 to the Official Willisau.
On 27 February 2013, came in Menznau in wood processing company Kronospan Switzerland AG at a shooting spree in which five people died and three were seriously injured.