Mexicana de AviaciÃ³n
- Mexico City - Benito Juárez
The Compañia Mexicana de Aviación, S. A. de CV, in the outer appearance shortly Mexicana, was a Mexican airline based in Mexico City. She was the first airline in the country and after Aeroméxico, the second largest airline in Mexico, as well as KLM, Avianca and Qantas is the fourth oldest operating airline in the world.
In August 2010, the Company has filed for bankruptcy or bankruptcy protection, but wanted to air traffic maintained with the exception of long-haul flights. However, all flights were discontinued until further notice on August 28, 2010. By late 2012, the business was not resumed.
Mexicana was founded in 1921 as Compañía Mexicana de Transportacion Aérea, SA ( CMTA ) of LA Winship and Harry J. Lawson founded. The first flight was from Mexico City to Tampico. 1924, the company was bought by the run of William Mallory and George Compañia Mexicana de Aviación Rihl and led to the current name on 20 August 1924. 1929 Pan American Airways bought the line, but she gave in 1968 after bankruptcy again.
In the 1930s the route network was expanded and improved the service. Mexicana was the first foreign airline, which had approached from January 3, 1936 Los Angeles.
The Jet Age
In the early 1960s flottete Mexicana de Havilland Comet, a four. The first flight with a jet-powered machine on 4 July 1960 by Mexico City to Los Angeles. The late 1960s, Mexicana went bankrupt. In the meantime, in 1966 the Boeing 727 has been introduced. After the takeover of management by Crescencio Ballesteros as Chairman and Manuel Sosa de la Vega on January 15, 1968, the strategic plans were changed and overcome the economic problems in a short time.
In the 1970s, the fleet increased to 19 jets, making it the largest commercial jet fleet in Latin America. It operated a Boeing 727 simulator in Mexico City. Mexicana had at that time the largest Boeing 727 fleet outside the United States.
On 15 July 1982, the Mexican government has a 58% share of the largest shareholder. 1984 moved into its new headquarters Mexicana in Mexico City. 1988 reported the main competitor Aeronaves de México ( Aeroméxico ) to bankruptcy and Mexicana took over some of the long-haul, including flights to Canada and South America.
Mexicana as a part of CINTRA
Early 1990s was the deregulation of the airline industry in Mexico, and several new airlines were established in Mexico. Then modernized Mexicana from 1991 its fleet by Airbus A320 aircraft and in addition from 1992 by Fokker 100 in 1993 reorganized Aeroméxico arose again and brought Mexicana to the brink of ruin.
The mid-1990s suffered all Mexican carriers to the sharp devaluation of the Mexican peso and Mexicana, Aeroméxico and their affiliated regional airlines were under the umbrella of the National Society CINTRA ( Corporación Internacional de Transporte Aereo ) joined forces and taken over by the state. In 1995, the total merger of Mexicana and Aeromexico as part of CINTRA. Under the umbrella of CINTRA Mexicana grew steadily and in 2000 a member of the Star Alliance, but resigned because of disputes over traffic rights with United Airlines in March 2004 again.
New independence in the 2000s
In 2003, the last Boeing 727 was decommissioned and replaced by new Airbus A318, A319 and A320. Only the long-range be flown with Boeing 767. 2005 has been a year for Mexicana, as the Company and Aeroméxico were privatized. Both companies were given back their independence. Same time, several low cost airlines were founded in Mexico. Mexicana responded by establishing their own low cost airline called Aerocaribe, later " Click Mexicana ". November 29, 2005 Mexicana and its subsidiary of CINTRA was sold to the Mexican hotel chain Grupo Posadas. " Click Mexicana " was renamed " MexicanaClick " and transformed into a regional airline.
Mexicana continues to work together with some members of the Star Alliance, Avianca and Aeroméxico, but on 10 November 2009, the oneworld Alliance joined.
Insolvency and restructuring attempts
3 August 2010 Mexicana applied both in Mexico and in the U.S. bankruptcy after an American and Canadian leasing companies had withdrawn aircraft. In the insolvency proceedings, the Company shall be restructured and refurbished, the flight plan is to be with a few exceptions in the long-haul sector, maintained. The daughter MexicanaClick is not affected by the insolvency. On the evening of August 4, the ticket sales were temporarily discontinued, but already booked flights to be carried out. On August 9, it was announced that the international connections are adjusted for the time being.
On August 23 it was announced that a 95 -percent stake in Mexicana by the Mexican company consortium Tenedora K is adopted, while the other five percent goes to a pilots' union.
27 August 2010 presented Mexicana contrary to earlier announcements on all operations due to the current financial situation and a faltering restructuring process until further one. The new owners Tenedora K declared a need for more investors to rescue the insolvent company.
In November 2010, another new investor was presented with PC Capital, who announced to start operations in December 2010 gradually reduced supply and capacity again. The airline planned initially, from January 31, 2011 airplane tickets to sell again and soon (plus one spare) to fly with six aircraft first eleven goals. However, this could not be observed. On February 14, a test flight with officials from the Mexican and U.S. aviation authorities to San Antonio, Texas was conducted to formally allowed to fly again. On 2 March 2011 but was announced that the sale and restructuring of the company is due to an unexplained financing with new investors first on ice. As of August 2011, the Company has not resumed operations as before, further development is so far unclear. The most recent plans by November 2011, according to the operation should first be resumed only with charter flights.
As of March 2013, the Company has, however, continues to be carried out no more flights.
Mexicana operated a national and international network of their home base Aeropuerto Internacional Benito Juarez in Mexico City.
For adjustment of air operations in August 2010, the fleet of 65 aircraft consisted of Mexicana with a mean age of 11.1 years.
As of August 2011 no more aircraft on Mexicana were registered.