Michael Ellis Fisher ( born September 3, 1931 in Trinidad, West Indies ) is a theoretical physicist. He's pioneering contributions to statistical physics, particularly the theory of critical phenomena and phase transitions done. These have been honored with numerous awards, including the Wolf Prize for Physics (1980; together with Kenneth Wilson and Leo Kadanoff ), the Boltzmann Medal of the IUPAP (1983 ) and Lars- Onsager Prize of the APS ( 1995).
Life and work
Michael Fisher studied at King's College, University of London, where in 1951 he earned his bachelor's degree and a doctorate in 1957. In 1958 he was a lecturer there in 1962 and 1965 Reader professor. 1963/64, he was a visiting scientist at the Rockefeller Institute. In 1966 he accepted an offer at Cornell University as professor in chemistry and mathematics. From 1973, he was there Horace White Professor of Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics and 1975-1978 Board of the Faculty of Chemistry. Since 1987 he is professor at the University of Maryland, initially Wilson H. Elkins Professor and Distinguished University Professor in 1993 and Regents Professor.
Michael Fisher is married with Sorrel Castillejo. Two of their sons became professors of Theoretical Physics, Daniel S. Fisher at Harvard University, and Matthew PA Fisher at the University of California, Santa Barbara.
Fisher is a Fellow of the Royal Society (1971) and Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences (1983). In 1970 he received the Irving Langmuir Prize from the American Physical Society and the 1983 NAS Award for Scientific Reviewing.
In 1980, Fisher - next to Leo Kadanoff and Kenneth Wilson - awarded the Wolf Prize in Physics:
"Professor Michael E. Fisher HAS BEEN at extraordinarily productive scientist, and one silent at the height of his powers and creativity. Fisher's major Contributions have been in equilibrium statistical mechanics, and have spanned the full range of subject did. Hey what Mainly responsible for bringing together, and teaching a common language to chemists and physicists working on various problems of phase transitions. "
"Professor Michael Fisher is a prolific scientist, on his performance zenith. He has done to thermal equilibrium properties in Statistical Physics His main contributions, in their full width. It is his merit to have unified the extensive field of phase transitions in chemistry and physics. "
In 1983, he received the Boltzmann Medal of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics ( IUPAP ):
"It is not possible in the short time available to do justice to flood of papers with Which Michael Fisher HAS BEEN associated. Some of synthesis have Initiated new areas of research; for example the exact susceptibility of the two- dimensional Ising model, correlation in the three-dimensional Ising model and critical scattering, renormalization of critical exponents Resulting from hidden variable, finite size scaling, the droplet model, partial differential approximants. the annni model, Others, review articles, have become classics to Which successive generations of graduate students and other Researchers in the field have turned for guidance; for example the Boulder lectures on critical phenomena, the 1964 Journal of Mathematical Physics review of correlation in fluids and magnets, the often -quoted 1967 review in Reports on Progress in Physics, and the 1973 Reviews of Modern Physics review of renormalization group. Each and every of one of his papers contains new information of Significance, and his collaborators want to verify all did nothing is allowed to appear in print without Michael Fisher personally Assuring himself did it measures up to his high standards. "
"It is not possible given the short time to appreciate all the scientific contributions of Michael Fisher appropriate. Some of them have new research opens up, for example, the exact calculation of the susceptibility of the two-dimensional Ising model, the analysis of correlations and scattering functions in three-dimensional Ising model, the renormalization of critical exponents in a row of hidden parameters, finite -size scaling theory, the droplet model, partial differential Approximaten and the annni model. Fishers review articles have become classics for several generations of students: Among his Boulder lectures on critical phenomena, his review article on correlations in fluids and magnets in the Journal of Mathematical Physics 1964, his often -cited article of 1967 in the Reports on Progress in Physics and his review article on the renormalization group in the Reviews of Modern Physics. Each of his scientific publications containing new and important, and all his staff will confirm that a work has been submitted for publication only after Michael Fisher had himself carefully convinced that it meets its high academic standards. "
1995 Fisher was awarded the Lars Onsager - Price:
"For his seminal and Numerous Contributions to statistical mechanics, including but not restricted to the theory of phase transitions and critical phenomena, scaling laws, critical exponents, finite size effects, and the application of the renormalization group to many of the above problems. "
" For his numerous and outstanding contributions to statistical mechanics, including, but not solely on the theory of phase transitions and critical phenomena, in particular scaling laws and critical exponents, finite-size effects, and the application of the renormalization group theory on many of the above problems. "