Microsoft Office is an office suite from the American company Microsoft for the operating systems Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X. For different tasks different so-called editions are available, which differ in the contained components, the price and licensing.
- 6.1 With Office 2010 and 2011 delivered components
- 6.2 Obsolete Components
- 6.3 Server Components for Windows systems
The first version of Microsoft Office Word, Excel, and PowerPoint 1989 they released exclusively for the Apple Macintosh. The latest versions for Mac OS Classic were Microsoft Office 98 and Microsoft Office 2001. Published in the 2001 Microsoft Office vX was the first version for Mac OS X, the successor to Microsoft Office 2004 was released June 2004.
Office 2008 has been completely revised with Xcode. The aim was to processor independence, so Office natively on Intel-and PowerPC running on (Universal Binary). With this version the support VBA is omitted, but it had already been implemented only partially. AppleScript is instead supported. Microsoft had based this step that the legacy program code with modern compilers could not be translated and porting to modern GCC compiler contrary circumstances disproportionate difficulties, but with Office 2011 support VBA was reintroduced.
The current Macintosh version of Microsoft Office: Mac 2011 is available since October 26, 2010. " Office 2011 " brings the popular PIM Outlook back to the Mac. Although Outlook is a completely new, it came to the launch yet, with full support of the Mac platform. This is reflected in the failure to date synchronization option in the Outlook calendar. At the present time the Outlook 2011 calendar with neither Apple iCal, Google Calendar is still iCloud (or MobileMe previously ) can be synchronized, as a support for CalDAV so far missing entirely. This should be corrected by Microsoft statement at a later date by an update.
Office: Mac mostly comes one year after the release of a new version of Office for Windows and provides out by the later appearance often to extra features.
The first Windows version was released in late September or in October 1990 ( English version). It brought together for the first time for Windows, the previously available single programs Word, Excel, and PowerPoint via a common installation program and already offered cross-program DDE conversation. It was content, for example, still with EGA graphics, 2 MB of RAM and a processor of the 80286 class. 1994 were those three programs in the Office 4.x versions of the package " Standard", which was extended in the "Professional" version of each of the programs Access and Mail ( 4.0 and 4.3). They worked together, for example, via OLE 2.0.
In 1995 appeared Microsoft Office 95 (Version 7), for the first time, all components shared the version number " 7.0". In addition, access was included in the setup. This version was only on 32- bit operating systems (Windows 95 or NT 3.51 ). This presupposed a 386 PC. End of 1996, Microsoft Office 97 (version 8 ), which required a 486 PC and Windows 95 or NT 3.51, Microsoft Publisher 98 but already running Windows 95 or NT 4.0.
In mid June 1999, published Microsoft Office 2000 (version 9 ) was a Pentium -compatible processor specified as a minimum requirement, the support for Windows NT 3.51 was attributable entirely. End of May 2001 was Microsoft Office XP ( version 10 ). Since Office XP version of Windows for the first time requires product activation via the Internet or telephone, otherwise, the program after a few launches its function. Windows 95 was no longer supported. Office XP was the last office suite that ran on operating systems MS- DOS - based (Windows 98/ME ).
On 21 October 2003 was for Windows Microsoft Office 2003 ( version 11) on the market. There the application InfoPath was introduced, which allows the creation and capture of forms and their data. The 2003 version only supported operating systems on NT -based Windows at least had to be used in 2000 and thus accounted for the support for the product line Windows 98/ME.
Microsoft Office suites take in the U.S. and in Europe a dominant position; the components of Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Access, and Outlook form in today's office environments, the de facto standard in their respective fields of application and have formerly competing products such as the word processor WordPerfect, the spreadsheet Quattro Pro and 1-2-3 and Symphony, as well as the database management system Paradox displaced. The biggest competitor to Microsoft's Office suite OpenOffice.org or LibreOffice represent, which has a market share of between 5 % and 19 % depending on the study.
The HTML Editor FrontPage, which is published for Windows was included the world's best selling software in its market segment and in the premium version of MS Office 2000, XP and 2003. Nevertheless, the development in 2003 has been set. "Microsoft Office SharePoint Designer 2007 " took over in MS Office 2007 similar functions but requires a SharePoint server. In autumn 2007, Microsoft Expression Web succeeds Microsoft FrontPage.
Microsoft Office for Mac is localized in different languages and published at a later localization is not possible.
On Windows, the English original product with MUI language packs can be extended so that users can select the right one for him at any time from a list of installed languages. In addition there are versions for smaller language groups that are based on the MUI interface and can be implemented by interested organizations in cooperation with Microsoft. Since the summer of 2006 can be downloaded using the Lia Rumantscha for RG for Office 2003 Language Pack including spelling and grammar check; In spring 2007, an Alsatian version by the Office of Language and Culture in Alsace (Office pour la Langue et la Culture d'Alsace, OLCA ) was presented. The language packs to be installed using either a normal setup process, or bound by a slipstreamed directly to the Office installation.
The mobile version of Microsoft Office has been programmed specifically for mobile phones with Windows Mobile. The standard scope of services includes the three components of Word Mobile, Excel Mobile, and PowerPoint Mobile. The component OneNote Mobile can be added later on the mobile phone.
Microsoft Office Online
Since June 2010, Microsoft offers a reduced output of applications like Word, Excel, PowerPoint and OneNote as Office Online (formerly Office Web Apps ). They are part of Outlook.com and linked to other cloud offerings, including Microsoft OneDrive. During the demonstration of Office 2013 and Windows 8 Microsoft has also introduced a new version of Office Online, which is now based entirely on HTML5. They are no longer available only in Internet Explorer, but other browsers and especially in Safari on Apple iOS.
With Office 2010 and 2011 delivered components
The following components are part of the current Microsoft Office System (Office 2010 for Windows and Office 2011 for Macintosh), some of which are available in various editions and for the most part also, or only, as individual programs:
Components which are no longer included in the current office packages ( 2010 and 2011):
Server Components for Windows systems
The following server components are part of the current Microsoft Office System
- Microsoft Office Forms Server, scalable, standards-based electronic forms solutions with enhanced security
- Microsoft Office Groove Server so that the client software can be applied across the enterprise, managed and integrated
- Microsoft Office Office Communications Server, provides employees the opportunity to find people within their company and to communicate with them in real time.
- Combines Microsoft Office Office PerformancePoint Server, Business Intelligence Software, the monitoring, analysis and planning functions in an application
- Microsoft Office Project Server, in conjunction with the accompanying clients to manage and coordinate the entire project life cycle effectively a company of one-time projects to complex programs
- Microsoft Office SharePoint Server, an organization can thus facilitate employee collaboration, provide content management features to implement business processes and provide access to information that is critical to the goals and processes of the company.
- Microsoft Office SharePoint Server for Search, a search solution for enterprise- wide intranet and Internet sites.
The various versions of Office, so-called " Editions" available in different compositions. These differ in the target group, the compilation and the price. In addition, Microsoft changes the components of these compilations from version to version, ie the "standard" edition of the 2003 version contains other programs than in the 2010 version, etc. Also, the packages vary in the number of installed licenses, but this is not always recognizable from the name of the edition offered. The following editions are available in dependence of the underlying version of Office:
- As traditional commercial version: basic
- Home & Student
- Home & Business
- Small Business
- Professional Plus
- Home Premium
- Small Business Premium
Single Products: Office Mobile for Windows Mobile, Visio, Project
Web Version: Word, Excel, PowerPoint, OneNote
According to information from the Technical Preview (Build 14.0.4006.1110 ):
- Available as 32 -bit and 64- bit version.
- Runs on Windows XP with SP3, Vista ( at least SP1 ), Windows 7 and Windows 8
- Under a 64- bit operating system is both 32 - bit and 64 -bit executable.