Mikhail Vrubel

Mikhail Alexandrovich Vrubel (Russian: Михаил Александрович Врубель, scientific Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel transliteration '; engl transcription Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel; * 5 Märzjul / March 17 1856greg in Omsk, † 1 Apriljul / April 14 1910greg. .. .. in Saint Petersburg ) was a Russian painter, sculptor, ceramicist and stage designer of Symbolism and Art Nouveau.


He studied first at the St. Petersburg University, and then from 1880 to 1884 at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts. From 1884 to 1889 he lived in Kiev, where he produced several sketches for the frescoes in St. Volodymyr's Cathedral on behalf of the local clergy and participated as a painter at the completion and restoration of the frescoes in the Cyril Church ibid. In 1889 he moved to Moscow, where he was a member of the circle of artists around the Russian patron Mamontov.

Vrubel style features the dramatic intensity of color and " crystalline " clarity. His works were characterized by subjective and mystical ideas and allegories. In particular, his illustrations to the poem by Mikhail Lermontov, "The Devil " were of deep pessimism and suspenseful drama that established his fame as one of the leading representatives of symbolism. The motives for his works arose from both the traditional Russian fairy tales and heroic epics ( byliny ) and the Western classical literature. In his work, he aspired to a great monumentality and strong psychological work on the viewer. Until his death Wrubel remained a reference point for many pupils and imitators. Wrubel had also worked for the theater and out of Lermontov's poems also Leo Tolstoy's novel Anna Karenina illustrated.

Works (selection)

  • The girl in front of the Persian Carpet (1886 )
  • The Fortune Teller (1895 )
  • The Demon (1890)
  • Paris ' Court (1893 )
  • Lilac
  • Portrait of Mamontov (1897 )
  • Pan ( 1899)
  • Tsarevna - Lebed ( 1900)
  • The lilac (1900)
  • The defeated Demon (1902 ).