He was born the son of Prince Giorgi Tsereteli. In 1911, he completed a history studies at the University of Heidelberg and received his PhD in 1913. 1914 to 1918 he was associate professor at the Friedrich- Wilhelms- University of Berlin. He was Chairman of the Committee for the independence of Georgia in Germany.
In 1908 he was co-founder Konstantin Opel the Committee for the independence of Georgia, the Tbilisi magazine Eri (Eng. The Nation) published. In 1914 he founded an eponymous committee in Germany. 1918 and 1919, he was Ambassador of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in Sweden and Norway. 1919 to 1921 he worked as a professor at the newly founded Tbilisi State University. After the conquest of Tbilisi in February 1921 by the Red Army, he emigrated to Western Europe.
From 1921 to 1933, Tsereteli professor at the University of Brussels, from 1933 to 1945 he was professor at the Friedrich Wilhelm University in Berlin. After 1945 he lived and worked in Munich. In the 1930s and 1940s, he was chairman of the resident in Berlin and Paris Georgian National Committee and editor of the scientific journal published in Paris Bedi Kart Lisa - Revue de Kart Logie Velo.
The main fields of scientific work Tsereteli were the Sumerology, the history of Georgia and the Caucasus, the history of the Ibero -Caucasian civilization that Rustawelogie, international law and sociology. He has authored over 80 scientific research, including ten monographs.
Tsereteli was buried after his death on the Georgian Carré of the municipal cemetery in Leuville -sur -Orge, France.
- Georgia and World War II. Kiepenheuer, Weimar 1916
- Racial and cultural problems of the Caucasus. World -Verlag, Berlin 1916
- The rights of Georgia. The New Orient, Berlin 1917
- The liberation of Poland and the principle of nationality with the Central Powers and the Entente. Wyss, Bern 1917
- The new haldischen inscriptions Sardurs King of Urartu ( 750 BC). Carl Winter, Heidelberg 1928