Milano Centrale railway station
The Stazione di Milano Centrale ( Milano Centrale or short ) in Milan is a railhead and one of the main railway stations in the European transport network. It was officially opened in 1931 to replace the old central station of 1864, as this was the increased traffic no longer cope with the inauguration of the Simplon Tunnel in 1906.
King Vittorio Emanuele III. laid the foundation stone for the building on April 28, 1906 before an accurate blueprint existed. The actual construction began in 1913.
Due to the triggered by the First World War economic crisis in Italy, the construction work was slow. The station building was originally planned as a simple construction, but has over time become more complex and monumental, was mainly as Benito Mussolini Prime Minister and the building should represent the strength of the Fascist regime.
The first changes were the construction of new platforms with a steel platform area of 341 meters in length, with a total area of 66,500 square meters by Alberto Fava. The work was resumed in 1925 and led to the end, until finally the station was inaugurated on 1 July 1931.
The main railway station is one of the Grandi Stazioni Italy and is being renovated since August 2005 by the Ferrovie dello Stato, which operates the thirteen main train stations in Italy. 2010 named to the train station to the Holy Franziska Xaviera Cabrini, but is still referred to in the signs and the Roadmap only as Milano Centrale.
The architect of the Stazione Centrale was Ulisse Stacchini in 1912 won the architecture competition. The planning leaned against the Union Station in Washington, DC to, stylistically copy of Roman monumental architecture. Milano Centrale is so stylistically the copy of a copy. The station building represents a culmination of the historicist eclecticism, so it has no clearly definable architectural style. There are also some elements of Art Nouveau and Art Deco on the facade. It is built in neoclassical monumental construction: The front side has a width of 200 meters and a height of 72 meters. Only in 1935 fully completed, he was stylistically was already completely obsolete. At this time, other major railway stations were built in much more modern design in Italy, such as the Santa Maria Novella train station in Florence. Occasionally, this architecture is mocked as Assiro - Milanese ( Milanese - Assyrian ).
Roman coat of arms in relief
Entrance Hall, 2006
Art Deco lamp in the entrance hall
In addition to Hall
The head station has 24 tracks, every day so take him 320,000 passengers daily about 500 trains, in a total of 120 million passengers.
The only long-distance train from / to / via Milan, which is not the station anfährt Centrale, the Euro Star train Torino Porta Nuova - Milan - Roma Termini, which positioning at the Milano Porta Garibaldi Station. Is not operated the station from 2011 by the trains of Trenitalia competitor Nuovo Trasporto Viaggiatori; Instead, they keep in Porta Garibaldi and Rogoredo.
However, the train station is not connected to the suburban lines of the Lombard capital, the Servizio ferroviario suburbano di Milano. A planned tunnel between Centrale, Porta Garibaldi and Porta Genova station should remedy this problem.
The Stazione Centrale is locally an important node point is: where the lines meet 2 and 3 of the Metropolitana di Milano, as well as numerous bus and tram lines.