Military ranks of the Swiss Armed Forces
The terms of the service levels in the Swiss army were established by Parliament under Article 102 of the Armed Forces Act. The Federal Council may introduce other ranks for the team and the NCOs. From this law, he has for the Army XXI in Article 5 of the Regulation on the organization of the army (VOA ) of 26 November 2003 made use. However, a change in the law is necessary for the change in the officer grade.
Unlike other armed forces carry the members of the Air Force of the Swiss Army, the same degree of names and badges as the members of the army.
- 2.1 degrees of the team
- 2.2 Grade of commissioned officers 2.2.1 Higher -commissioned officers
- 2.3.1 subalterns
- 2.3.2 captains
- 2.3.3 Staff Officers
- 2.3.4 Trade Officer
- 2.3.5 Higher staff officers
- 2.3.6 Chief of the Army
- 4.1 colors of the axillary loops and collar mirror
- 4.2 Béretfarben
Who was promoted to a certain degree, keeps him even if he / she no longer holds the function (valid for specialist officers only after 6 years of operation ). From the military service obligation laid-off members of the army may their last borne degrees with the addition of " out of service " (abbreviation: "a D") to continue.
The names of the degrees are identical in the for Army and Air Force as well as other areas of the army as the Command Support or logistics base.
Female soldiers are open to all functions. Therefore perform the same degree designations of their senior male comrades, that is, it is placed no " (w) " or " in " behind the degree.
The professional officer ( Fachof ) is in the Swiss militia system, a member of the crew, the officers, or higher NCOs, who was appointed permanently to the officer on the basis of special knowledge for use or.
The Swiss army is the only army around the world, in which it ( with their own rank insignia ) "Technical Officer " is a separate grade. For the determination of the remuneration and the rights and obligations of the professional officer may be classified according to their function in the degree levels Captain or Major. In foreign missions, he is referred to as Specialist Officer (Spec Of). NATO Code: OF-1/2/3/4 ( lieutenant to lieutenant colonel ), depending on the function.
One of the famous specialist officers of the Swiss military is Pepe Lienhard. He was until 2011 Head of the Swiss Army Big Band.
General Staff officers
The General Staff officer ( Gst Of) can be both a militia as a career officer. He is a member of the Corps of General Staff officers and is used for special management tasks. General Staff Officer Grade hold between Major and Colonel with the addition of GS for the General Staff (under certain circumstances, for example if the minimum number of degrees years has not been reached as a captain, there is also Capt GS ). On the outer seam of the trousers in the main suit they wear a wide black strip of cloth.
In contrast to the rest of the staff officers of General Staff officers are all former company commander and thus have many years of management experience. They undergo additional training and take higher commands and key functions in the rods large organizations.
Members of the Swiss Red Cross (SRC) subordinated and the army assigned to cooperate Red Cross Service ( RKD ) are not members of the army. However, they wear the uniform and rank insignia of the Army. The ranks are indicated by the suffix " RKD " (eg Wm RKD ).
In the Swiss army there are the following degrees:
Levels of team
Grade of commissioned officers
Note: Since the reform of the army 95 (exit 95 suit ) are the badges of rank of corporal, NCOs and senior NCOs no longer sewn on the uniform ( see ( uniform) Chevron) but integrated into the flap.
Degrees of officers
Higher staff officers
Senior staff officers ( HSO ) wear on the outside seam of the pants output two thick black strips of cloth.
Kepi Corps Commander
Supreme Commander of the Army
In times of peace, there is no commander in chief, but probably a chief of the army ( CdA ) in the rank of lieutenant general. Since 1 March 2009, André sheet husband is officially head of the army. He performed this role on an interim since the resignation of Roland Nef.
The rank insignia of the Army are divided into
- The Patches for the output suit ( worn on both shoulders; pictured above left) and
- The Velcro badge for the service and battle dress ( worn on the right collar insignia and headgear, seen on the left collar of the soldiers from the mirror is the branch of service in accordance with classification can be read, in the picture above right).
Since 1 January 2006, the metallic degree and functional badges ( mirror ), and the name plates are replaced by Patches ( Velcro ), which correspond to the NATO standards.
Unofficially, the reason for the adjustment to the Patches NATO is a relatively simple: The metal insignia on battle dress have the radiation of the night vision devices reflects nicely what constituted a disadvantage in battle. For some time the metal badges are used by the Swiss civil defense. However, more and more Stoffabzeichen be used there as well. The metal badges are on the jackets of the elite organizations of the Swiss military game still being used.
Forces the colors are shown on the one hand on the basis of the color of the shoulder strap and the collar mirror, on the other hand on the basis of Béretfarbe. The colors of the Bérets are not necessarily with the colors of the axillary loops identical.
Colors of the underarm straps and the collar mirror
There are following colors for the shoulder straps and collar patches ( order and names for " Swiss Army 2006" ):
- Dark green: Infantry
- Yellow: armored troops
- Red: Artillery
- Royal blue: Air Force ( airman and air defense troops )
- Black: General Staff officers, corps of engineers, management support and rescue forces
- Silver gray: transmission and management support troops
- Claret: Logistics troops
- Blue: Medical Corps
- Gray: Military Security
- Mustard yellow: NBC defense troops
- Black: General Staff, Military Intelligence Service, Armed Forces Pastoral Care, Emergency services
- Violet: Military Justice
- Orange: Territorial Service
- Light blue: UN military observers
Basically, the color of the Bérets depending on the color of the branch of service. However, there are differences, since one considers, for example, silver-gray or yellow Bérets for too impractical. Relatives of affected troops are usually equipped with black Bérets. Thus we have the following colors for the Bérets:
- Black: General Staff, Territorial Service, tanks, genius, rescue, communication / leadership support, NBC defense, Military Intelligence, Military Justice, Army pastoral care, emergency service, sports, Swisscoy ( ex quota 27)
- Green: Infantry, Military Music
- Red: Artillery
- Dark blue: Air Force
- Blue: Medical Corps, Red Cross service
- Claret: Logistics troops ( supply, material, transportation, veterinarians )
- Gray: Military Security
- Light blue: peace support operation for the UN