Miraflores de la Sierra

Miraflores de la Sierra is a city in the north of the Autonomous Community of Madrid. It is located 49 km north of Madrid in a valley that is bounded by the mountains of the Sierra de Guadarrama. In the village the roads start to the mountain passes Canencia and La Morcuera. 5907 inhabitants live here (as of 1 January 2013). This number increases during the summer months on strong.

  • 2.1 Origin of the name
  • 2.2 Middle Ages
  • 2.3 Modern Times
  • 2.4 Modern ( 19th and 20th Centuries)
  • 3.1 Demographics
  • 3.2 religions
  • 4.1 municipal
  • 5.1 Attractions
  • 5.2 Nature Park
  • 5.3 City Festivals
  • 6.1 traffic
  • 6.2 Sons and daughters of the town


Geographical Location

The western part of Castilian vagina Mountains (also: Iberian vagina Mountains, Central Range or Central System) is the Sierra de Guadarrama, separating the Autonomous Community of Madrid of the Autonomous Community of Castile -Leon. At the falling of here towards South-East plateau is Miraflores. East of the village flows the Arroyo del Valle in north-south direction which opens at Guadalix in the dammed Rio Guadalix. To the west borders the community to the Parque Regional de la Cuenca Alta del Manzanares, the largest national park in the Autonomous Community of Madrid.

Neighboring communities

The neighboring municipalities, beginning in the north clockwise are Canencia, Bustarviejo in the northeast, Guadalix de la Sierra in the southeast, Colmenar Viejo in the South, Soto del Real in the West and Rascafría in the northwest.


Miraflores de la Sierra is characterized by oceanic - continental climate with cold winters with frequent snowfall and hot summers. In winter, skiing is possible. From the capital, Madrid can still be seen in the spring when already summery temperatures, the snow -capped peaks of the Sierra de Guadarrama.


Origin of the name

Towards the middle or end of the 13th century Miraflores de la Sierra was founded by settlers from Segovia. The first name of Miraflores was Porquerizas. This name may be derived from two different meanings:

  • Place are grown on the pigs and treasured
  • Occur place where plenty of wild boars

Both of these explanations fit well to this early medieval hamlet named.

According to a legend, it came in 1627 to change the name, as Isabella of Bourbon, wife of Philip IV rested on a trip to the Carthusian monastery of Paular on a plateau at the foot of La Najarra. She looked at the Porquerizas in the distance, and she noticed the abundance of flowers and in the exuberance of her youth, she shouted: " mira, ¡ flores " (' Look, the flowers ' ). One of her companions proposed to change the name of the picturesque resort.

Charterhouse of Paular in Rascafría

The young Isabella of Bourbon

Pedro González de Mendoza

Middle Ages

The exact founding date is unknown. Diego Colmenares confirmed that 1287 already existed two villages in the area of ​​Real de Manzanares. It is believed today that Porquerizas was founded during the reign of Alfonso X of Castile 1252-1284. It is believed that the monarch in 1268 to put this area under his protection, and gave him the name of Real de Manzanares. He allowed it repopulation of communities without regard to whom belonged the lands previously. Thus, the communities Guadalix de la Sierra, Porquerizas, Colmenar Viejo and / or Manzanares el Real arisen.

Formerly called the whole field of Today's Royal Parks and the municipalities listed Real de Manzanares, from which, among other things, the current community Manzanares el Real emerged. Real (ie, royal ) suggests attention to the direct disposal of the king.

In 1363, King John I of this region to Don Pedro González de Mendoza, the ancestors of the Earl of Real Manzanares, the Marquis ' of Santillana and the Dukes of El Infantado.

Modern Times

1501 brought Porquerizas and other hamlets of the real with the power of the Reyes Catolicos the districts of their territories to the end, because so it came to problems between Porquerizas and Guadalix de la Sierra and between Chozas (now the Soto del Real) and Bustarviejo.

1523 gave Charles I of Spain ( Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire), the city rights in Miraflores. Thus, the legal dependence of Manzanares stopped. It belonged to continue to rule of the Counts of Infantado.

Modern ( 19th and 20th Centuries)

At the beginning of the 19th century, the city administration was a supporter of the National Defense Council against Napoleon's troops. Miraflores de la Sierra accommodated many parts of the guerrillas Abril, 1812 during the Spanish War of Independence gave himself several skirmishes with the French.

Since the end of the 19th century, the place is known as Naherholungsort and its surroundings attracts many hikers that are hiking the mountain passes Canencia and Morcuera from here.



In just 15 years, from 1991 to 2006, the population of Miraflores has doubled. 1991 lived 2,636 Miraflorenser and Miraflorenserinnen in the community, in 1996 there were 3,365, 2001: 3,928 2004: 4,741 5344 and 2006 already.


As part of the rural, less industrialized of Spain Miraflores is one of España negra, the deeply Catholic Spain with an even higher proportion of Catholics than in the urban centers of Spain.


Parish council

At the municipal elections of 2007 thus were thus borne by the Partido Popular ( Conservative ) 1,510 votes ( 54.47 %) of 7 municipal councils ( Concejales ), the PSOE ( Socialists ) 813 votes ( 29.33 %) 4 local councils and the IU -CM ( left ) 397 votes ( 14.32 %), thus two municipal councils. Thus sparked against the election of 2003, the PP, the PSOE as the strongest party from. The number of local councils rose from 11 to 13

Mayor of Miraflores de la Sierra is Pablo Soler Altozano.

Culture and sights


  • Church in the Old Town
  • Fuente Nueva ( New Fountain ) in the Calle Mayor, was built in 1791 in place of a Fuente Vieja. Formerly served as a horse trough for travelers and as a public washing place for the population.
  • La Vieja Estación ( Old Train Station ) on the railway line Madrid- Irun. The station now serves as a restaurant.
  • Plaza de Toros ( bullring ).
  • El Álamo ( The old elm). An ancient elm from the 18th century, which was received in 1989/ 1990. The Spanish Nobel Laureate for Literature 1977 Vicente Aleixandre, who spent his summers since 1925 in Miraflores, dedicated this tree a poem.

Nature Park

City ​​festivals

  • FEBRUARY 3: San Blas
  • MAY 15: San Isidoro
  • August 15: Celebration in honor of the local patron saint, the Virgin de la Asunción ( Sante Maria Asunta )

Economy and infrastructure


  • Miraflores is currently accessible from Madrid via the ( separately for each direction ) road from Colmenar Viejo M -607.
  • On the highway Madrid- Burgos A-1 Miraflores is erreichber about Guadalix.
  • By bus line Miraflores is connected to Colmenar Viejo, where there is a station of the Cercanías de Madrid. The bus service also operates to Madrid.

Sons and daughters of the town

  • Gerardo Vera, costume designers, actors, film and theater director