In 1953, Miroslav Filip was an International Master. In 1954 he was in Oslo on top board of the Czechoslovak team students world champion and 1955 Grand Master.
In the 1950s and 1960s he was one of the world leaders and twice played in the Candidates Tournament: Amsterdam in 1956, he was eighth, seventh in Curacao in 1962. He was twice one of the ten best players in the world. Interzonal 1970 in Palma, he finished only 20th place. Over 20 years he was a mainstay of the selection of Czechoslovakia and played twelve times ( in the years 1952 to 1974) at the Chess Olympiad, including three on the first board. At the Olympic Games he has played a total of 194 games and 114 points won ( 58.76 %). Filip also played three times ( in 1957 to 1970) for his country in the European Team Championships and won three medals: gold in 1970 for his individual performance on the second board, and in 1957, bronze in the team and silver on the first board.
In the years 1950, 1952 and 1954 Filip won the individual championship of Czechoslovakia. Also in many international tournaments he has performed very well: he finished shared first place in Prague in 1956 and was the winner in Marienbad in 1960, Buenos Aires 1961, Bern 1975.
Miroslav Filip was a doctor of law. In the early 1980s he ended his active career and worked as a chess journalist and publicist. Filip led the chess section of Prague's sports daily Sport Denik. When choosing the best Czechoslovak / Czech chess player in history, he finished sixth. Six times he was referee in a match for the world championship.
His best historical Elo rating was 2677 in March 1962.
- Turnaj kandidátů mistrovství sveta Amsterodam 1956 Candidates Tournament for the World Cup 1956 Amsterdam, 1958
- Sto dní v Baguiu, Hundred Days in Baguio, 1978
- Celý svet se od nich UCI, The whole world can learn from them, 1980
- 50 brilliant games Czechoslovakian Grand Master, 1983
- Chess Olympiad Lucerne 1982, 1983 ( with Erwin Rosenblatt )