Modra ( Modern German, Hungarian Modor, latin Modorinum ) is a town in Slovakia.
The town of Modra extends between yielding vineyards on the eastern foothills of the Little Carpathians, it is also called "the pearl of the Lesser Carpathians". Modra is the city with the largest wine growing area in Slovakia and is one of the centers of the Small Carpathian wine region.
It is an important starting point for hikes in the Little Carpathians. The settlements Harmonia and Piesok ( Zochová chata ) and others, all of them officially Areas of Modra, are popular resorts of the residents the Slovak capital Bratislava. They are home to hotels and cottage colonies, and many of Bratislava, left their weekend houses. Modra is also because of coming from the town blue and white Modra ceramics ( majolica ) is known.
Modra covers not only the main town still two parts of municipalities ( " miestna časť " ) and Harmonia Piesok ( German sand) as well as the subdivisions Kráľová ( German royal village, incorporated in 1863 ) and Zochová chata.
Slavic settlements have been found from the time of Great Moravia. After a devastation by the Mongol invasion in 1241, the settlement of Hungary and some German settlers was rebuilt.
For the first time the place Modra in 1158 was mentioned in writing in a document of the Hungarian King Géza II of. Modra in 1361 and received its charter and until 1607 it was elevated to a free royal city.
The free city was the 17th century 's most important commercial centers in Slovakia and is one of the most famous wine regions.
Since the beginning of the 19th century there are ceramic industry and Majolikafabriken. 1883 suggested an evangelical pastor at the founding of a school of ceramics that developed the so-called Slovak ceramics due to the skills of the Anabaptists.
The city has a tradition of disputes with the neighboring Pezinok. In addition, the city has thus become " famous " that the railway line Bratislava - Žilina bypassing, since the magistrate at the time refused to allow the construction of railways.
- Observatory of the Comenius University in Bratislava in the district Zochová chata with the most advanced telescope in Slovakia.
- Burial with memorial house museum and statue of Ľudovít Stur; The museum is located in the former town hall building, the monument is also Stur's brother, a well-known geologist, dedicated
- Remains of the city fortifications built 1610-1648; there have been preserved ( with the Ignatius - Bizmayer gallery) and the Upper Gate, a bastion; the Upper Gate bears the inscription: "Where the Lord does not guard the city, the watchmen watch in vain "
- Country castle behind the Upper Gate of the city walls, houses the School of Viticulture
- A Renaissance building from the late 17th century in the Dolna Street
- Today's production workshop of Modra ceramics
- Churches: Roman Catholic Church of St. Stephen the King from the year 1873-1876 at the marketplace
- Roman Catholic Church of Saint John the Baptist from the second half of the 14th century in the cemetery with a table of the names of victims of the First World War
- Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession (so-called " German Church " ), built in 1714 finished present form in 1834
- Evangelical Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul ( so-called " Slovak church " ), built in 1715 finished present form in 1826, is right next to the German church
- Small Baroque chapel of the Virgin Mary, built in 1740, stands in front of the Protestant churches
- Chapel of Saint Michael of 1873
- Ľudovít Stur, who created today's high- Slovak, here spent the latter part of his life.
- Vincent Šikula, Slovak writer
- Ignatius Bizmayer, Slovak artists
- Viera Kraicová, Slovak artist
- Franz Raffel Untersperger (1793-1861), geographer, cartographer and official.