The Moldovans (also called Moldovan ) are an ethnic subgroup of Romanians (mostly in the Odessa Oblast and the Chernivtsi Oblast ) lives in present-day eastern Romania, Moldova and Ukraine and the Moldavian dialect ( graiul Moldovenesc ) of the Romanian language speaks. These areas were in the middle ages, the Principality of Moldavia.

Number of Moldovans

The Romanian-speaking self-designation is moldovean ( male) and moldoveancă (female ). The number of Moldovans is a total of about 9 million people.

In Romania (2002 ): The Romanians in the counties: Bacău ( 688 719 ), Botosani ( 447 426 ), Iaşi ( 800 997 ), Galaţi ( 604 753 ), Neamt ( 547 122 ), Suceava ( 662 980 ), Vaslui ( 449 796 ), Vrancea ( 380 364 ). In other cities of Romania, many Moldovans are (from the east of Romania ) for economic reasons within the last 40 years emigrated (about 2 million) in Bucharest, Constanta, Timisoara, Brasov and Petrosani. A total of approximately 5.5 million Moldovans live in Romania.

In Moldova (2004): 3.64326 million (of which 177 760 in Transnistria).

In Ukraine (2001): 409 600, mainly in the Chernivtsi oblasts ( 181 800 ), Odessa ( 123,800 ), Mykolaiv ( 13,100 ) and Kirovohrad ( 8200 ). In other oblasts of Ukraine further 82,700 Romanian Moldovans live.

In addition, many Moldovans emigrated during the Soviet era in the other Soviet republics, today they live in Russia ( 172 330 ), Kazakhstan ( 20,054 ), etc.


The political boundary between the Moldavians from Romania and those from the former Soviet Union, dating back to the end of the Second World War, when the area now Moldova and parts of Ukraine, were annexed by the Soviet Union. In order to bind the longer term, the area recovered to the Union, their own country and sense of community was created. Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, the future leaders of the CPSU was to have contributed at this time General Secretary of the Moldavian Soviet Republic and is in its position significantly to this differentiation.

All Moldovans speak the Moldovan dialect of Romanian language. The official language in Moldova, called the Moldavian, is no written form of the Moldovan dialect, as is often assumed, but the same form of the Romanian language, which serves as an official language in the neighbor country Romania ( Muntenesc ). Thus, the only difference compared to the western neighbor of the official designation of the language and the fact that it was written during the Soviet period dutifully with Cyrillic. Since 1989, the substance of the Romanian is taught in the schools of Moldova again in the Latin alphabet and also the name of the substance is no longer " Moldovan language " but " Romanian language ". In Transnistria, the use of the Latin script is still not officially recognized by the separatist government ( with the exception of six schools in which Romanian is taught with Latin script ).

The to 1940 living in Bessarabia Bessarabia Germans called the Moldovans in their dialect Moldowaner.