Moncton is with 69 074 inhabitants (as of 2011), the Saint John ( 70 036 inhabitants), second largest city in the Canadian province of New Brunswick on the east coast of the country. Its area is 142 km ². The city was given the nickname " Hub City " because it is centrally located in the Maritimes and represents an important traffic junction for rail and road links.
Together with the neighboring cities of Dieppe, Riverview and the communities of Westmorland and Albert Counties Moncton forms a metropolitan region with about 138 644 inhabitants. About 65 % of the population speak English, 35 % French. The population is almost exclusively white.
In 1733 the French settlers founded the village of Le Coude where moved in about 1766 settlers from Pennsylvania. The current name reflects the place in honor of Colonel Robert Monckton.
Location and climate
Moncton lies southeast in New Brunswick in the geographic center of the Maritime Provinces. The city is located about 100 km southwest of Prince Edward Iceland and is bordered to the north to the Petitcodiac River at the point where the flow of Westost goes according Nordsüd.
Economy and infrastructure
The economy is heavily dominated by the service sector. There are several commercial, transportation and distribution centers in the city. Due to its central location in the province of Moncton serves as a transit point for goods. The total population within three hours drive of about 1.4 million inhabitants. Furthermore, the financial services, information technology ( IT) and the education and health sectors play an important economic role in the city.
Moncton received national reputation through its strong economic performance. The unemployment rate in the city is 6%, which is below the national average. 2004, the city of Canadian business magazines has been called " The best city for business in Canada". In 2007, the city "most business friendly small-sized city in North America" named the FDi magazine.
A number of national and regional companies have their headquarters in Moncton. This includes, inter alia, Atlantic Lottery Corporation, Assumption Life Insurance, Medavie Blue Cross Insurance, Armour Transportation Systems, Imvescor, Major Drilling Group International, PropertyGuys.com and Co -op Atlantic.
In Moncton there are 37 call centers that employ more than 5,000 employees. The larger call centers operate the company Asurion, BBM Canada, Exxon Mobil, Royal Bank of Canada, UPS, Fairmont Hotels, Rogers Communications and Sitel. In recent years, the number of high tech companies rose in the city. Among them are, Nanoptix, International Game Technology, OAO Technology Solutions, Spielo International, TrustMe and Beltek Systems Design.
The Canadian Corporate JD Irving is headquartered in Moncton and several production sites in the city. The company is active in several areas. These include forestry operations, paper industry, agriculture, food production, distribution and transport and shipbuilding. The company employs several thousand employees in the region.
There are three industrial areas in Moncton. JD Irving has established its production facilities in the Dieppe Industrial Park. Maple Leaf Foods employs several thousand employees and is located in the Moncton Industrial Park. Molson / Coors opened in 2007 a new brewery in the Caledonia Industrial Park. In all three industrial areas several warehouses and logistics companies are located.
A new four-lane bridge that Gunningsville Bridge, was completed in 2005 and connects the downtown Moncton with the center of Riverview. On the Moncton side, the bridge through the Vaughan Harvey Boulevard and Assumption Boulevard is reached. This meant that the economic recovery increased in this district. It was built several new buildings. Thus, inter alia, the Blue Cross Centre, an office building completed in 2006. In addition, a hotel of the hotel chain Marriott Residence Inn opened in 2008. A new courthouse was completed on Assumption Boulevard 2011. Furthermore, there's a project for a new large multi-purpose function hall, which should be equipped with up to 10,000 seats.
The retail sector in Moncton is very important for the economy. In Moncton and in the neighboring towns are located next to the shops in the city center, two large shopping centers. The Champlain Place in the immediate neighboring town of Dieppe has 150 shops covering an area of approximately 76,000 m2, making it the largest shopping center in sales area in the Atlantic provinces. In the mall are, inter alia, to Electrical and clothing stores, restaurants and cafes. Another smaller shopping center, the Wheeler Park Power Centre on Trinity Drive is located in Moncton. The Champlain Place has been redeveloped in recent years for $ 14 million. Another shopping center at the Mapleton Road is under construction.
Education and Research
In Moncton, there are two school boards for the public schools, as there are in the city in English and French schools. In total there are 34 basic and secondary schools through high school. District 1 consists of nine French-language schools. District 2 comprises 25 English-language schools.
Four universities are located in Moncton or the surrounding area. The Université de Moncton is a French language public university, and the largest outside of Quebec with approximately 4000 students. The university has several faculties and offers Bachelor and Master courses.
The Crandall University is a private university with approximately 800 students. The university offers degrees in various disciplines. 2009 work began to expand at the University to accommodate up to 1,200 students to have, because the number of students increased.
The University of New Brunswick has a small campus in Moncton specifically for the medical and health sector. This is located at the Moncton Hospital and offers degree programs for nurses and other healthcare professionals to. The site has about 300 students study.
The Mount Allison University is a publicly funded university, about 40 Km from Moncton Sackville is located approximately 2,500 students in a variety of bachelor and master programs.
In Dieppe is the Greater Moncton International Airport. The airport connects several cities in Canada and the United States. 2002 a new terminal was completed. The airport is used for up to 575,000 passengers per year. This makes the airport for tenth largest in Kanda. Scheduled flights take place to Halifax, Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto, Hamilton and New York City. The airport is served by Air Canada, Jazz Airlines, Westjet, Porter Airlines and Continental Express. In addition, there are seven seasonal flights offered by CanJet, Sunwing Airlines, Sunquest and Air Transat. FedEx and Purolator to use the airport as a cargo hub and operate corresponding infrastructure at the airport.
At the airport there is also a flight school, the Moncton Flight college, the largest flight school in the country. Furthermore, an RCMP Air Service, the Canadian Federal Police Royal Canadian Mounted Police ( RCMP ) and the New Brunswick Air Ambulance helicopter rescue units are located.
The Moncton Area Control Centre is one of seven regional air traffic centers of NAV Canada. The Air Traffic Centre coordinates around 430,000 flights per year. 80 % of these are the flights flown in the Canadian / North American airspace or leave.
Freight transport in Moncton is operated by the Canadian National Railway. Passenger transport is operated by VIA Rail Canada. VIA Rail has a train station in the city center, which is approached six days a week and Moncton connects Halifax and Montreal.
Moncton is located on Route 2 of the Trans - Canada Highway, which of Nova Scotia in the east to Fredericton and Quebec in the west runs. In addition, there are other roads that connects Moncton to other cities. The New Brunswick Route 1 is a highway that runs through Saint John to the U.S. border.
For the passenger the Municipalities Codiac Transit is responsible. The company operates 40 buses on 22 routes in Moncton, Dieppe and Riverview.
In Moncton is the headquarters of Acadian Lines, a transport company, which operates several intercity bus lines. Buses run regularly between all major towns in the province, such as, inter alia, Charlottetown, Halifax and Truro.