The monologue ( gr μόνος Mónos "alone" and -log; Latin Soliloquium ) is a monologue as opposed to dialogue and is mainly used in drama use. It is not directed directly to a listener, but to an imaginary person. In fact, the audience is Addressee monologue. A special form of the monologue is the interior monologue in narrative prose.

The term also refers to a monologue speech, which is formulated as it is not addressed to a listener or interlocutor.

Often that's not the everyday self-talk is called, but the conscious use of the single phrases, in the arts, especially in theater and literature, along with gestures. There, the monologue is often used as audible or readable to carry thoughts and mental processes of a person to the outside and thus to make clear to viewers or readers.

In many plays, monologues form a dramatic climax or designate a turning point of the plot. A well-known example is the Hamlet soliloquy from Shakespeare.

Literary works

Literary works that have appeared under the title monologue or monologue form

  • Meditations, Marcus Aurelius
  • Soliloqiuen, Augustine
  • Monologues, Friedrich Schleiermacher
  • Gittes monologue by Højholt
  • Macedonia, Werner Hammerschick
  • Siberia, Felix Mitterer
  • The double bass play in the form of a monologue by Patrick Süskind
  • Monologue of a narrative affected by Rolf Bongs

Famous monologues of world literature

  • "To be or not to be, that is the question " soliloquy of Hamlet in Hamlet, Prince of Denmark by William Shakespeare
  • Monologue Doctor Faust in Faust. A tragedy by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe:

" Have now, alas! Philosophy, Jurisprudence, Medicine, and unfortunately quite theology studied with ardor keen!. As I stand now, poor fool! No wiser than I was before; Hot Master, even Doctor too, and I've nearly up to the toes year and down, across and bent my students by the nose - and I see that we can know nothing! It burns my heart ... "