Montenegrins ( Montenegrin Crnogorci / Црногорци ) are an ethnic group whose members mostly speak the ijekavischen dialect of Serbo-Croatian, which is also called the Montenegrin language. Montenegrins live mainly in Montenegro, but also in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia, and in the diaspora.
According to Charleton. S. Coon are the descendants of the Illyrian Dokleaten Montenegrins. The ancestors of the Montenegrins were first then Hellenized and Romanized last slavicized by the arrival of the Slavs. The Dokleaten were as divided into tribes and their descendants brotherhoods. The Dokleaten were so perhaps the proto- Montenegrins.
The Montenegrins might originate from the Illyrian Dokleaten that have been in ancient times and probably Hellenized and Romanized slavicized in 7./8.Jahrhundert. So it is with the Montenegrins to Illyrians, who survived as a small population in the mountains of Montenegro. In subsequent centuries, other small Montenegrin empires have formed. Maybe they took in 3./4.Jahrhundert to the Catholic faith and in 11./12.Jahrhundert the Orthodox Christian faith. After the Montenegrin King Stanisa " Ivan II" Crnojevic accepted Islam became more and more Muslims Montenegrins.
Eric Hobsbawm described Montenegro and the Montenegrins as follows: For newly-created Yugoslavia " was also the formerly independent, small tribal kingdom Montenegro, a bald, populated by shepherds and bandits mountain landscape, the spontaneous reaction to the initial loss of their independence was that they were in masses to communism converted ( which they assumed that he would be called their heroic spirit welcome). "
Religion and Culture
Most Montenegrins belong to the Serbian Orthodox Church, the other non-canonical Montenegrin Orthodox Church. In particular, many Serbs consider the Montenegrins because of the common cultural links as Serbs, because many Serbian historical figures come from this area. So come the ancestors, for example, the Serbian Emperor Lazar Hrebeljanović and Karađorđe and the political people of the 20th century as Petar II Petrović - Njegoš, Nikola of Montenegro, Slobodan Milošević, Radovan Karadžić and Željko Ražnatović from Montenegro. A small minority of Montenegrins are Sunni Muslims who live mainly in the north- east and south-east of Montenegro. The Montenegrins are divided into tribes and brotherhoods. The oldest among them can be traced back to their dokleatischen ancestors.