Morarji Desai Ranchhodji (Hindi: मोरारजी देसाई, Morarji Desai ) (* February 29, 1896 in Bhadeli, Bombay [ Gujarat today ], † April 10, 1995 in Bombay, Maharashtra ) was 1977-1979 Prime Minister of India.
He joined in 1930 Mahatma Gandhi civil disobedience campaign and was imprisoned for many years. From 1952 to 1956 he was Chief Minister of the State of Bombay. In 1967 he became vice -premier, but changed in 1969 by the Congress Party in opposition to the Janata Party
When Indira Gandhi declared a state of emergency in 1975, he was imprisoned again, but in 1977 won the Janata Party and he became Prime Minister. Foreign Minister of his government was Atal Bihari Vajpayee. In 1979, he resigned. Morarji Desai has strictly followed the principles of Mahatma Gandhi and was a moralist. He died at the age of 99 years.
One of his peculiarities was that he was a practicing follower of the Eigenharntherapie. He has been with it many nicknames in India.