Morcin is a comune ( concejo in Asturias, corresponds municipio in the rest of Spain ) in the south of the autonomous community of Asturias in Spain.
The community has with its 2820 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013) covers an area of 50.05 km ². The main town and seat of the municipality is Santa Eulalia de Morcín.
- 2.1 waters
- 2.2 Flora and Fauna
- 4.1 Regional products
- 7.1 Regular events (fiestas )
Origin of the name
There are various theories about the origin of the word Morcín, the most likely is probably the origin of the Roman Mortecinio ( dies of itself) to see since the Rio Morcin so sluggish flows, that he almost dies.
Pre-and Early History
From this time the church, there are few records. Archaeological work began only at the end of the 19th century and to a great extent still under wraps so as not to open the gates of grave robbers. Finds are known in the caves of Sidran, Tisones and Bostriz where axes, knives, hand axes and maces could be found from the Stone Age. Most of these findings suggest a settlement from the Palaeolithic and the Magdalenian.
The great mineral wealth also has the Etruscans, Greeks and Phoenicians carried to the shores of Asturias, which speak only little evidence for the presence of the Phoenicians.
The wealth of the region were also target of the Romans who conquered the area in 40 BC, despite the most violent resistance of the Etruscans and colonized. Numerous graves from this period show the strong resistance.
Christianity and the Middle Ages
Finds of Christian tombs from the 1st century, already in this early period show the spread of the " new faith ". The main work is made here according to legend, the Apostle James the Greater, which resulted also in later centuries to the famous pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela on the now again increasingly adopted St. James. The work of the apostle was continued by an enterprising priest from San Segundo and ultimately led to today deep rooted faith of the Asturian population. In the 19th century the most important find was made this time by the German epigraphists Emil Hübner in a palace on the slopes of Monsacro: a 4 m high Christian- Roman epitaph, which can be seen today in the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences.
Middle Ages to today
For this era, there is nothing outstanding, which would highlight the history of Asturias. However, the community played an important role in the last battles of the Visigoths against the invading Moors. According to legend, came the Visigothic rule of the Noble Gunderich Argolida with his family to Santa Eulalia in recent years. When they heard of the invasion of the Moors, it was decided to send a strong contingent of fighters to defend the country and faith. Among the few survivors of the Battle of Rio Guadalete included, among other Pelayo and Urban bishop of Oviedo. In honor of the fallen, a church was erected in Santa Eulalia.
Geography and climate
The County Morcin is framed by mountain ranges along the river Rio Caudal. As the highest mountain here stands the Pico Gamonal, with 1712 msnm forth. Along these mountain ranges are still working mines where iron and coal is mined, some of these mines have been exploited in antiquity.
The rivers Rio Caudal, Rio Riosa and Rio Morcin traverse the County, the reservoir " Embalse de los Alfilorios ", which is fed by the Río Pinera, was completed in the 60s and with its 517,000 m2, the largest standing waters of the municipality.
Flora and Fauna
The vast forests along the mountain slopes are dominated by oak, beech, ash, yew and chestnut, are found in the river valleys, especially willow, birch and large apple orchards. The wildlife is rich in wild boars, wolves, foxes, rare genets, stone martens, immigrant Skunks, badgers and giant squirrel.
The eleven seats in the municipal council are distributed as follows:
The community is internationally known for the cheese ( queso ) Afuega'l pitu that is produced here.
Morcin is divided into seven parroquias:
Culture and sights
- " Museo de la Etnográfico Lechería " Founded in 1922, the milk and cheese museum in La Foz.
- " Capillas medievales del Monsacro " hermitage on the mountain Monsacro
- Many other churches and religious buildings in the whole community
- Watchtower " Torre de Peñerudes "
Regular events (fiestas )
Numerous events, which can be read on the website of the city under updated.
- Cuba Cuba Arroyo Naranjo
- Western Sahara Western Sahara Bir Enzaran
- France France Lécousse
- Population figures, see INE
- Zip see
- Coordinates and range- height information see Google Earth