A morning (Mg) was used in Germany until about 1900 square measure 2500-3500 square meters. The measure was determined by those surface pflügbar with a einscharigen horse or ox plow in one morning. The morning was mostly defined as a rectangle with sides of a straight number of local rods, as in plowing the contact should be avoided where possible.

The surface extent of the morning was regionally very different, but mostly was fifth to half an acre ( 2,000 to 5,000 meters). In northern Germany, but were also morning 6000-9000 square meters in use in the marshes even up to 11,000 square meters. With the establishment in the late 19th century corresponded to the German Reich four acres of an acre, which was so called to distinguish it from traditional measurements also quarter acre ( vha ).

Related units

In the 20th century, in 1869, introduced metrisierte morning of the North German Confederation prevailed of 25 acres, which has been but now superseded by the hectare, the square and the square kilometers. In addition to this ( small ) morning there was also the "Great morning," under the name Matt.

Counterparts to the morning, but for a whole working day, are the

  • Day's work of 2500 m² to 3600 m²,
  • Yoke in southern Germany and Austria in Bavaria and Württemberg with 3525 or 3309 m²,
  • In Austria with 5755 m² (1600 square fathoms )

In Imperial measurement of Acre applies with about 4047 m². Another similar measure is the dunams from the Near East.

Comparative Dimensions morning in German-speaking

In the Kingdom of Hannover 18.49 Paris Geviertfuß the term drone was for the morning ¾ = 90 square rods = used. The morning was a ½ Vorling and was 60 square rods in size.