Motif (visual arts)
The term design refers to the visual arts the allegation, characterizing or thematic content formative part of an artwork.
In painting and graphics, the artist subject ( several formative contents the main subject ), primarily in the center represents the craft industry, however, usually at the most conspicuous place. In sculpture, the motive, the entire work of art include (eg in a figure or bust ), in architecture but also only a small part of the structure.
Motifs in painting
Among typical motifs of painting
- Subjects of religious art (eg scenes from the Bible, crucifixion, resurrection, Mary), Saints, Last Things
- Mythology (eg creation of Venus, Orpheus ), Trojan War
- The portrait (or the emotion depicted in the facial expression or posture ),
- Groups of people talking at the table, etc.
- Festivals, music and dance
- Love scenes and the act,
- Craft and professional situations
- Landscape motifs (water, mountains, beach ... )
- Hiking motives, Street Scenes
- Forces of nature (storms, ocean waves, rocky canyons, etc.)
- Plants, floral and flower motifs
- Animals, Hunting
- As well as the still life.
The variety and frequency of the subjects are very time-related and also of the style depends on what is seen particularly clearly in the Biedermeier and the Impressionists. (Water, mountains, beach ) and forces of nature.
In the order, inter alia, art come Aspects of advertising it.
The first works of art in human history were mostly religious or cultic motivated, while also gained representation and commissioned art from early antiquity in importance. Commissions came from the princely courts, large institutions, temples and services from the 3rd century the church. From the Middle Ages usually orders of nobility, the higher bourgeoisie and the monastic foundations were important.
The specific motifs ( see above) were directed by the order, but were also the zeitgeist committed while the details of imagery usually corresponded to the prevailing style. Deeds they do not, it was especially in times of stricter conventions also taboos and scandals.
While the specifics of image structure and contrasts, colors and sculptural forms etc. were largely influenced by the artists, it was in the course of art history also numerous technical influences on the design education. They include, inter alia, the discovery of perspective and the invention of the printing press, the development of a wide variety of stains and shaping materials. Formative social influences, however, were art criticism, development of free art ( from about the late 18th century ) and the L' art pour l'art, fashion waves of exotic (eg, in the ages of the discoveries or the Turkish wars ) and with emergence of private travel.
Today, the art is also influenced by the global art market, in the West and in some emerging markets, partly by private foundations and public assistance. Discussions about contemporary art concepts and designs are held in art criticism, art theory and the art colleges.