The term mountain film was originally the name of a movie in German film history, but is now also used in the broader sense for documentary and feature films on the subject of mountain.
Historic Mountain Film
The movie mountain film took shape in the 1920s and found in the director Arnold Fanck its main representatives.
Also the most important directors of mountain films were Luis Trenker ( The Prodigal Son, 1934), and Leni Riefenstahl ( The Blue Light, 1932), which her film career began here. In the genre Harald pure linen worked with rock crystal (1949 ) and Hans Ertl with Nanga Parbat ( 1953). The mountain film brought the camera for people completely new demands. Outdoor pictures in natural lighting in all its brightness levels as well as sometimes difficult terrain and weather conditions required skillful cinematographers who also had to bring the mountain landscape as a natural backdrop right into the picture. Most important cinematographers of mountain films were Hans Schneeberger, Sepp Allgeier and Richard Angst, who worked all long or short term for Arnold Fanck.
The following are some important examples of the genre Mountain movie:
- The Geierwally - a prime example of which has already been filmed several times: 1921, 1940, 1956, 1988 and 2005
- 1929: The White Hell of Pitz Palu
- 1931 Mountains in Flames
- 1932: The Blue Light
Modern Mountain Film
Today, the term mountain film is often broader and encompasses next feature films, short films and documentaries that deal with nature, sport and culture in the mountains. The classic mountain film experienced a renaissance through movies like Into Thin heights above the altitude mountaineering on the basis of the accident on Mount Everest in 1996, Joseph Vilsmaier Nanga Parbat on the history of the Messner brothers, Cliff Hanger with motifs of free climbing, north wall of the historic alpine climbing, or the Limit the most modern varieties of extreme climbing ( Huber brothers ). Also the ski film (see below) is a variant of modern mountaineering film.
Documentary and home movie
Narrative is also make movies, looking for the classic genre of film Alpine home of romanticizing and kitsch of the war and postwar years to rid it has about " New home movie" naturalized as a concept. In this context, there are literary adaptations, semi -documentary film work and television films, such as Theo Maria Werner's The Stolen Heaven (1974 ), Hans W. Geißendörfer Sternsteinhof (1975 /76), Jo Baier's Rauhnacht 1984, Fredi M. Murer's bonfires and Xavier Koller's The Black Tanner (both 1985), Joseph Vilsmaier autumn milk and Xaver Schwarzenberger Krambambuli (1998, based on the eponymous short story ), Stefan Ruzowitzky the Siebtelbauern (1998), the Geierwallyverfilmungen by Walter Bock Mayer (1988 ) and Peter sower (2005), in a broader sense also Vilsmaier sleep brother ( 1995) and crystal (2004), and Hans Steinbichler Hierankl (2003), modernization of the poacher genres such as Hans -Günther Bückings Jennerwein (2003) and period films as Schwarzenberger Andreas Hofer - the freedom of the Eagle ( 2002).
In addition to fiction films, numerous documentaries about the specific culture of Begräume have come in recent times. These include such award-winning Swiss productions in the tradition Murer We mountain people are not really in the mountains fault that we are there (1974 ), as The Heritage of Bergler ( Erich Lang year, 2006) or uphill, downhill (Hans Haldimann, 2008).
For mountain film genre also includes the ski film. His roots are also in the 1920s. Major ski films turned, for example, Willy Bogner and Luis Trenker. Trenker led mountain film and sports movie together to a genre; Bogner was a director and cameraman skifahrender for some James Bond movies new possibilities for turning fast-paced chase on skis. In 1986 he released his film Fire and Ice; This supplemented the genre with the imagery of the video clip.
Mountain Film Festival
International a number of festivals has emerged which mountain films are characterized. Of the festivals together in the International Alliance for Mountain Film Banff Mountain Film Festival and include the Mountain Film Festival in Trento among the best known. Also in Germany there since 2003, now internationally known mountain film festival in Tegernsee. Among the winners of the festival included in recent years films such as North Face and Touching The Void. In Austria, the mountain and adventure film festival in Graz and the mountain film festival in Salzburg " - Mountains of Adventure " to call.
The "Golden Matterhorn " for the best mountain film in 2000, the film received Fortunately Icarus. Toni Bender, one of the world's best paraglider, crossed the Alps by paraglider and filmed it.