MS Oranje

Orange (1939-1964)

IMO no. 5264077

The Angelina Lauro was a passenger ship built from 1937 to 1939. It was the most powerful engine ship in the world at time of delivery.


The Oranje was given as the type ship of a three-game series of the Amsterdam shipping company Stoomvaart Maatschappij " Nederland " in order. The construction at the Nederlandsche Maatschappij Scheepsbouw in Amsterdam began in 1937, the launching was followed on 8 September 1938. On July 15, 1939, the completed vessel was delivered to the client and shortly thereafter placed on the line from Cape Town to Amsterdam via Batavia in service. At the beginning of the Second World War, the Oranje was first placed in Surabaya. Later, the ship of the Royal Australian Navy was provided and served by a reconstruction in 1941 as a hospital ship with Dutch occupation.

In the years 1947 to 1957 the ship was used again between Amsterdam and Batavia. On January 6, 1953, the Oranje collided in the Red Sea with the moving of the same Service Willem Ruys, with no people but both ships died suffered major damage in the bow. 1958 and 1959 was the ship on the route from Amsterdam and Southampton via the Suez Canal via Singapore to Australia. On September 7, 1960, the ship took after overhauling a global service from Amsterdam via Australia, New Zealand, Panama Canal, Port Everglades, Bermuda and Southampton back to Amsterdam on which continued in the opposite direction from 26 February 1961 to May 4, 1964 been.

In the early 1960s, passenger numbers went back noticeably, after which the ship was sold together with the Willem Ruys to the Italian shipping company StarLauro. This operation beforehand with the Roma and Sydney two distinctly smaller vessels. The Oranje was rebuilt at Tirreno Shipyards, renamed Angelina Lauro and fell again on the route between Europe and Australia. Chartered 1977 Costa Crociere, the ship for three years and ran it on cruises from Port Everglades to the Caribbean. On March 30, 1979 came the now forty years old ship at the pier in St. Thomas in the Virgin Islands on fire and burned in the next few days off. The ship was declared a total loss and lifted on July 2, 1979, the Hamburg Schiffsverschrottunsunternehmen Eckhardt & Co.. On 30 July 1979, the towing voyage began by the Japanese ship Nippon Maru to the demolition yard in Kaohsiung. On September 21, 1979, the ship began to take water and get flip side, whereupon it fell on September 24.


The shipbuilding plans of the Oranje came from HN Prins, the machinery designed AH Ijsselmuiden - both engineers in the Stoomvaart Maatschappij " Nederland ". The ship had made ​​a number of reasons to a particularly distinctive hull shape. While the high cruising speed on the one hand required a sharp underwater shape, the hull had on the other hand have a certain minimum width, since small drafts were needed for the port call in Asia. At the same time high but not too heavy assemblies were provided, which held solely in this area outside cabins, why Prins ' the fuselage cross-section on the four decks above the water line clearly moved inward. The technical features of the passenger facilities were for example the isolation, partial air conditioning or the use of adjustable fluorescent lighting to call. Another innovation was the bilge keels, which consisted of a large number of consecutively arranged fins. The Oranje, the first ship of this design after the two Dutch torpedo boats G.15 and G.16, where the engineer W. Rösingh shipyard Wilton Fijenoord tested their new form.

The drive system consisted of three built in Winterthur, Sulzer twelve-cylinder two-stroke diesel engines with a total power of 37,500 hp. The three engines worked directly on three fixed propeller. On the test drive the ship reached in July 1939 at a speed of 26.3 knots - at that time the world's fastest speed of a passenger ship with motor drive. The on-board energy was five, also supplied by Sulzer supplied auxiliary diesel with 1200 horsepower.