Ms. mɪz ( American) or Ms ( British) talked with voiced "s" at the end, is an English form of address, which is preceded by the last name of a woman. The rarely used plural form of Ms. is MSES. or Mss

Unlike traditional forms of address Miss ( rarely used now) and Mrs. (originally by Mistress, but talked briefly mɪsɨz or mɪsɨs, therefore German written as misses ) can not detect whether the so -mentioned woman is married or not at this address. This therefore corresponds to the male Salutation Mister ( Mr. ), which also can not recognize this.


Although it is nowadays often assumed the form of Ms. is a neologism of modern feminism, the salutation was used as an abbreviation of Mistress sporadically in the 18th century. As Mistress one called the woman of the house, without distinction whether this was married or not. Since the 1970s, this form has been specifically more in business use and more the rule. Furthermore, to use this form if you are not sure whether a woman is married.

European equivalents

In other European languages ​​similar forms of address are needed that apply to married and unmarried women alike and the female form of the respective country male salutation are:

  • Wife (the former restriction to married women has now been abandoned in German )
  • Domina (Latin )
  • Madame (French )
  • Mevrouw ( hook size )
  • Señora (Spanish )
  • Senhora (Portuguese )
  • Signora (Italian )
  • Doamna ( rumän. )
  • Pani (Polish )

In the aforementioned languages ​​, however, the English Miss conforms to the following diminutives of these forms:

  • Dominula (Latin )
  • Mademoiselle (French )
  • (Me) Juffrouw ( hook size )
  • Señorita (Spanish )
  • Senhorita (Portuguese )
  • Signorina (Italian )
  • Domnişoara ( rumän. )
  • Panna (Polish )
  • Mrs. Title
  • Persons name