It is mainly agriculture. The infrastructures are developed as poor. The region is economically developed as below average for Tanzanian conditions.
The Artumas Group Inc. is building a 11.5 MW in Mtwara gas power plant, which is to improve the supply of electricity. It is planned to take the power plant for the first time on 8 December 2006. With commencement of regular operation is expected mid-January 2007.
There are five administrative districts:
- Mtwara Urban
- Mtwara Rural