Municipalities in the Netherlands
A church ( Dutch: gemeente ) in the Netherlands is the third and lowest administrative level under the Imperial government and the provinces. Since 1 January 2013 there are 408 municipalities in the Netherlands. There is a tendency to merge smaller municipalities. 2012 put the new government even aim to have in the future, only municipalities with at least 100,000 inhabitants.
In the European NUTS classification is NUTS1 landsdelen the north, south, east and west awarded (three provinces, for example the North: Groningen, Friesland, Drenthe). NUTS2 NUTS3 is a province and the COROP regions; this refers to forty units, each consisting of several municipalities, such as the Achterhoek Zaanstreek or Noord- Overijssel. The landsdelen and COROP regions, however, are only the statistics. Administratively, it is only the provinces and the municipalities, the latter corresponding to the LAU 2, since there is not a LAU1 in the Netherlands.
A municipality may, according to the municipal law set boroughs ( deelgemeenten ). Of these, only Amsterdam and Rotterdam, made use of the two largest cities of the country. The municipality of Rotterdam, for example, has 11 boroughs, each with its own deelgemeenteraad. The abolition of the boroughs and the attenuation as a matter of decentralization of local government is also an objective of the government of Mark Rutte.
Otherwise, a municipality may be composed of any places that have no administrative relevance. Thus, the church Oude IJsselstreek from a small town, twelve villages and some other places. Sometimes the municipality has the same name as one of the villages, then you differently, for example gemeente Gennep Gennep and plaats. For postal addresses you are usually on the plaatsnaam ( place names ). Who lives in the community Gennep in the village Milsbeek, writes in his letter head Milsbeek therefore, not Gennep.
At the top of the community college van burgemeester s is wethouders ( the parish council ). The mayor is appointed by the national government, which wethouders (about: Assistant Secretary ) elected by the gemeenteraad ( council ). However, the council shall be consulted before the appointment of the mayor and usually has the decisive influence. The largest cities of the country, however, awarded in part, by the power of circumstances in the national parliament.