Municipalities of the Philippines

A municipality (English: municipality; Filipino: bayan, sometimes munisipyo ) is a local area unit in the Philippines.

Provinces in the Philippines are composed of cities and towns. Municipalities in turn are composed of barangays or barrios.

As of March 31, 2011 There are 1496 municipalities.

Local administrative units such as municipalities are largely autonomous from the central government of the Republic of the Philippines. You have to be determined by the law adopted in 1991 Local Government Code of 1991, the possibility of their own economic, industrial and political development. In this Act the municipalities is granted corporative character, which allows them to perceive within their area of ​​responsibility functions of government to adopt their own policies to adopt local laws and to put them into effect. You can enter through their elected and employed officials in legal transactions with the private sector. You are tasked to set national and municipal law in force. The national government supports and monitors the municipal governments doing and hedges that they do not violate national law. Local governments have their own branches of the legislature and the executive and the mutual control of these important branches of state power. The judiciary, however, is located entirely on the national level.

A church is led by the mayor ( mayor ). The legislative branch is made up of the vice - mayor ( vice - mayor; Filipino: bise - mayor ) and eight aldermen ( councilors; Filipino: kagawad or kosehal ). The eight aldermen and the President of the Sangguniang Kabataan (SK ) ( Youth Council ) and the president of the League ng mga Barangay Sangguniang Bayan form the ( council ). All members are elected officials whose term of office is three years and may be elected more than three times consecutively again.

The vice - mayor is the chairman of the legislature, but may not participate in the vote except in the case of a tied vote. Laws and regulations to be confirmed by the mayor or rejected by veto.

A church that exceed a certain size, has the opportunity to become a city. For this purpose, first a bill by Congress must be adopted, which will be signed by the President Act. This will be submitted to a referendum in which the population of a municipality may accept or reject the law. One advantage of the city law is that city governments have a higher budget, but they have to pay higher taxes than municipalities.

Income classification

Municipalities are divided into classes according to their average annual income during the last three calendar years.