Municipality of Jesenice
Jesenice ( German Aßling ) is a small town in the Upper Carniola in Slovenia near the border to Austria with an area of 75.8 km ² and 21,620 inhabitants ( 2002). The average age is 41.1 years, there are 6,197 households (as of each 2002).
Mayor is Tomaž Tom Mencinger.
The site is bordered to the north by the Karawanken that form the border with Austria ( Carinthia ), and on the south by Mežakla. Jesenice is located on the Sava ( Sava Dolinka ). Mountain of the city of 1096m high Jelenkamen is northeast of the village core.
The city of Kranj ( Kranj ) is located 40 km southeast, Bled ( Velde ) 10 km. Furthermore, the locations Mojstrana ( Masters in Upper Carniola), Hrušica ( Birnbaum ) and radovljica found in the environment ( Radmannsdorf ).
The A2 motorway, which skirts the city to the south, leads north through the Karawankentunnel to Villach in Austria and south to Ljubljana ( Laibach ).
The town was first mentioned in 1004. He is known for his iron works and the metal processing industry ( Acroni Jesenice ). The first mining rights were granted in 1381 by the House Ortenbourg. Later, the ironworks were a armourers of the Habsburgs.
1872, the railway line Tarvis - Ljubljana was completed. Jesenice / Aßling was so connected to the rail network of Austria-Hungary. The connection from Jesenice to now Italian Tarvis was decommissioned 1967 .. 1904 the Bohinj railway was opened, which runs from Jesenice / Aßling over the Julian Alps to Neu-Görz/Nova Gorica, which connection is to Trieste. By the end of the Habsburg Empire the town belonged to the crown land of Carniola Jesenice with an independent municipality in the judicial district Kronau ( political district Radmannsdorf ) was formed.
In the fall of 1906, the Karawankenbahn railway was opened, which opens in Jesenice in this line. With the 1909 finished Tauernbahn resulted by the new transalpine railway Salzburg Trieste. From the final demarcation of the border between Austria and the new SHS - State 1920 Jesenice was for driving through the Karawankentunnel trains border station. Border controls were set on 21 December 2007 due to the Schengen Agreement.
1926 some settlements were united, Jesenice became a town. 1941-1945 belonged to Jesenice occupied by the German Empire Carniola, the iron lying here was incorporated into the Nazi armaments industry. On the other hand, more and more partisans turned; over 400 city residents fell as victims of resistance. Because of their iron works, the city on March 1, 1945, heavily bombed. Later the works were one of the largest employers ( 7,000 workers and employees ) in socialist Yugoslavia. The last remnants of the long-closed plants were torn down in 2003; a chimney of the furnace was maintained.
- Nagold in Baden -Württemberg since 1994
Jesenice is the home of the ice hockey club HK Jesenice. Since the 2006/07 season, the club plays in the Erste Bank Hockey League.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Maruša Ferk (* 1988), alpine skier
- Ivo January ( born 1975 ), ice hockey player
- Sabahudin Kovacevic ( born 1986 ), ice hockey player
- Robert Kristan (* 1987), ice hockey player
- Tomo Križnar (born 1954 ), a peace activist
- Anže Kopitar (* 1987), ice hockey player
- Thomas Luckmann (* 1927), sociologist
- Jure Robič (1965-2010), cyclist
- Rok Urbanc (* 1985), ski jumpers
- Rok Tičar (* 1989), ice hockey player
- Ales Kranjc ( born 1981 ), ice hockey player