The Equality Party ( Azerbaijani Musavat Partiyası ) is the oldest Azerbaijani political party and currently an opposition party.
Their ideology is liberalism and is oriented to the center.
In the last parliamentary election in Azerbaijan few mandates went to the party " Müsawat ".
Was the initial program of the party and is particularly directed to the ethnic group of Azerbaijanis and to the Muslims:
The Musavat Party was founded in 1911 in Baku, in what was then the Russian Empire under the name Muslim Democratic Equality Party. The initiative for the founding of the party came from Məhəmməd Əmin Rəsulzadə, but who lived in exile in Istanbul.
Before the First World War, the party had a small number of members and acted out from the ground. Although the party was aligned pantürkisch, the party supported the Tsarist regime during the First World War.
After the collapse of the tsarist government and the establishment of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, the Party was the dominant political party in the new independent state. However, the party was now somewhat nationalistic, aligned socialist and secular. So Azerbaijan in 1919, the first Islamic state, who introduced women's suffrage.
At the time when Azerbaijan was incorporated into the Transcaucasian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, the leading party supporters had exiled and act from abroad. In the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, they had virtually no meaning. In 1989, newly founded by Azerbaijani intellectuals Müsawat.