Colorless to yellowish liquid with a characteristic, ammoniacal odor
0.74 g · cm -3
-50 ° C
78 ° C
100 hPa ( 20 ° C)
Completely miscible with water and ethanol
1.4031 (20 ° C)
2 ml · m-3 and 6.1 mg · m-3
366 mg · kg -1 ( LD50, rat, oral)
Template: Infobox chemical / molecular formula search available
N- Butylamine is a chemical compound produced in the chemical and pharmaceutical industry, as an intermediate in the synthesis of organic substances. It is a primary amine. n-butylamine belongs to the group of aliphatic amines, more specifically, the butylamines and isomer isobutylamine, sec- butylamine and tert-butylamine.
The trivial name of the amino acid is derived from Norvalamin norvaline. By decarboxylation of norvaline formed of n-butylamine
Production and representation
N-butylamine formed in the reaction of n- butanol or n -butanal with ammonia in the presence of catalysts. Furthermore, it can be generated by the so-called Schmidt reaction of valeric acid.
N- butyl amine is an intermediate in the preparation of various organic compounds such as dyes, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, plasticizers, emulsifiers, corrosion inhibitors, adhesives, and can be used as a solvent for the titration.
N-butylamine may cause allergic reactions and is a contact poison.