- 26446-76-4 ( mixture with 2- chloropropane )
Colorless liquid with an odor chloroformartigem
0.89 g · cm -3
-123 ° C
47 ° C.
373 hPa ( 20 ° C)
2.7 g · l -1 ( 20 ° C)
-160.5 KJ / mol
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1- chloropropane is an organic chemical compound from the group of chlorinated hydrocarbons ( CHCs).
Production and representation
1- chloropropane can be obtained by chlorination of propane, wherein, depending on the temperature for the most part of 2-chloro propane is also produced. The appearance is also achieved by the action of phosphorous trichloride, phosphorous pentachloride or thionyl chloride to 1 -propanol.
1- chloropropane is a very volatile, colorless liquid with chloroformartigem odor. In contrast to many haloalkanes it has a lower density than water.
1- chloropropane is used as the alkylating agent, for example, in Friedel- Crafts reactions and for the production of Grignard reagents or other organometallic compounds.