The Ñ and ñ is a letter of the Latin alphabet of Spanish and some other languages. There is an N with a tilde. Its name in Spanish is eñe [ eɲe ]. Is a palatal nasal consonants and is classified in alphabetical order between N and O. On the Spanish keyboard he is to the right of the letter L, to the point where the east is on a German keyboard.

The letter was from a n with a Nasalstrich, which served as an abbreviation for double n in the orthography of medieval Latin. Since the double n of Latin had developed in Spanish to a palatal nasal (eg Latin. Annus → span año ), took the line gradually here this sound value. Due to its distinct sound value, it was considered as an independent letter with time and eventually classified as such.

It is now used on the model of the Spanish with the same phonetic value in some other languages ​​, as in the Galician, Asturian, Basque, Quechua, Aymara, Guaraní, Mapudungun, Tagalog and Chamorro. In Nauruan (see example Menen ), Malagasy and the 2012 revised Tatar Latin alphabet is the Ñ used for the sound ng. In some languages ​​, such as Indonesian, Malay, Zhuang and Catalan, the Spanish ñ -sound represented by ny (eg, in Cataluña Catalunya instead (Catalonia ) ), in Portuguese by a nh (eg Espanha instead of España or Piranha ), in French and Italian by gn (as in lasagna ). In Breton, the Ñ itself is not pronounced, but nasalized the preceding vowel.

Display on the computer


In the international character encoding Unicode system, the large Ñ ( LATIN CAPITAL LETTER N WITH TILDE ) takes the position U 00 D1, the small ñ ( LATIN SMALL LETTER N WITH TILDE ) is on U 00 F1. The same position it has in the character set Latin -1.

Keyboard Input

Missing the letter Ñ on the keyboard of the PC, it can be typed in Microsoft Windows by holding down the ALT key and 209 ( Ñ ) or 241 ( ñ) on the numeric keypad, Windows 2000, Windows XP and higher, however, with a leading zero, d h. ALT and 0209 ( ñ ) or 0241 ( ñ) on the numeric keypad. Should work nor that of Windows own code page corresponding keyboard shortcuts ALT and 164 ( ñ) or 165 ( Ñ ). Under Mac OS X the lowercase letter is generated by the Option key (also with 'alt' ) and "n" suppressed, followed by " n " (without the button). To write the capital letter the Caps Lock key is pressed before. Under Unix -like operating systems, it is followed by Compose key of N ( or n ), followed by ~ (tilde ) or by the dead key followed by N ~ generated.

With the available since 2012 German standard keyboard mapping T2 is ñ Ñ / with the key sequence Alt Gr i (for the tilde accent) followed by N / n entered.


In HTML, the sign can be described with the following entities:

  • Capital letter Ñ Ñ
  • Lowercase letter ñ ñ

( based on it for letters with diacritics, inter alia, see list of Latin -based alphabets )

Ññ nn nn nn nn ʼn Ɲɲ Ƞ ƞ ǹ ǹ nn nn nn nn

  • Latin letter