Nadezhda Fedorovna Olisarenko (Russian Надежда Фёдоровна Олизаренко, English transcription Nadezhda Olizarenko, born Мушта - Muschta - Mushta, . Born November 28, 1953 in Bryansk ) is a former Russian track and field athlete and Olympic champion who competed for the Soviet Union.
In 1977 she became a member of Athletics Soviet national team and in 1978 their first international success at the European Athletics Championships in Prague as the winner of two silver medals in the 800 - meter dash and the 4 x 400 - meter relay. In 1979 she won the 800m gold at the Universiade in Mexico City. Shortly after she married the steeplechaser Sergei Olisarenko.
Shortly after they had set up on 12 June 1980 in Moscow with 1:54,85 min a world record in the 800 m, she went to the Olympic Games in Moscow. About 800 m she won the gold medal ahead of her two compatriots Olga Mineeva (Silver) and Tatjana Prowidochina (Bronze ) in the world record time of 1:53,43 min. Over 1500 meters, she won bronze behind her compatriot Tatjana Kasankina (Gold) and the GDR - runner Christiane Wartenberg (silver).
For further starts about 800 meters, she won the Indoor Athletics Championships 1985 Silver, triumphed at the European Championships 1986 in Stuttgart, finished seventh at the World Athletics Championships 1987 in Rome and reached at the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul, the semi-finals.
- 400 m: 50.96 s, July 12, 1980, Moscow Hall: 52.69 s, February 7, 1986, Moscow
- Hall: 2:00,8 min, February 15, 1980, Moscow
- Hall: 4:10,5 min, February 16, 1980, Moscow