Nagpur ( Marathi: नागपूर, Nāgpur ) is a city in the state of Maharashtra in India. It has around 2.4 million inhabitants ( 2011 census ) and is situated on the River Nag. Nagpur is an industrial city ( cotton, paper, chemical industry, mechanical engineering; around manganese is mined ), but also cultural center with a university, theaters, museums and galleries, and a major transportation hub (road, railway, airport). Nagpur is the geographical center of India.
Geography and climate
Nagpur lies on the Deccan plateau of the Indian Peninsula at an average altitude of 310 meters. The rock strata underlying the city are covered by alluvial soils, which deposits the river Kanhan regularly floods. In some places, he also leaves grained sand banks. In low-lying areas of the floor often consists of alluvial clay.
In the eastern part of the city next to granite and crystalline metamorphic rocks were discovered, such as gneiss and schist. In contrast, clay and yellowish sandstone were found in the north of Nagpur. In Nagpur, there are several reservoirs and natural lakes. The largest of these lakes is the Ambazari Lake.
Due to its central location on the Indian peninsula far from Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea, it is the most time of the year very dry. During the monsoon season between June and September, however, is very wet. During these months, most of the rain, the average 1,205 mm of rainfall per year falls. The strongest rains in Nagpur was measured with 304 mm of rainfall on 14 July 1994. During the winter, which lasts from November to January, temperatures can fall below 10 ° C at night. The hottest month is May, with often over 40 ° C. The highest recorded temperature in the city was 48.6 ° C on May 26, 1954, the lowest was 3 ° C.
The city was mentioned in writing as early as the 10th century for the first time. The city's official foundation dates back to a political act of Bakht Buland Shah, Gond King of Deogad, in 1702. The name Nagpur is derived from the river Nag that flows through the city.
1742 Nagpur became the capital of the state of the Marathas. 1817 Nagpur came under British influence. The princely state in 1818 formed Nagpur was taken in 1853 finally by the English in their possessions and made 1861 the seat of government of the Central Provinces.
1867, the railway line was opened to Bombay, now Mumbai, which led to the establishment of industries and to accelerate growth in the population. Since 1923 Nagpur has a university.
After India's independence on August 15, 1947, the city became part of the newly founded state and in 1950 made the capital of the state of Madhya Pradesh. An assessment in Nagpur mass conversion of Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar and hundreds of thousands of followers to Buddhism on October 14, 1956 made the city the center of the Indian "neo- Buddhism." On 1 May 1960, the city and district of Maharashtra fell. Since then, Nagpur " winter capital " of the state.
The city is well known throughout India because of these harvesting tasty oranges. It is therefore also called " The Orange City".