Narita International Airport
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Narita International Airport (English for Japanese成 田 国际 空港, Narita Kokusai Kuko, " Narita International Airport "; IATA airport code: NRT, ICAO airport code: RJAA ) is one of the international airports of Tokyo and is located in the town of Narita in Chiba Prefecture about 60 kilometers northeast of Tokyo. Narita International Airport is considered by the Japanese legislation as first class airport.
In the 1950s and 1960s, Japan's economy grew strongly, and accordingly also increased passenger numbers on the Tokyo Haneda Airport opened in 1931. In 1962 it was decided to create a new airport for the capital, the New Tokyo International Airport, which was to take over the international transport of Haneda, the domestic traffic should remain at the old airport relatively close to downtown.
The construction began in 1971, but the claim was due to unusual in Japan land expropriations on violent resistance of the people; while seven people were killed. Thus, the airport was opened in 1978 with only one runway. It was not until 2002 ( after the decision was made for it in 1986 ) was a second track be put into operation. However, this path could be opened only partially, since one time gave up land seizures and a local poultry farmers refused to leave the farm, which is located on the territory of the new railway.
Initially, the new runway was only 2100 meters long. In September 2008, construction began to extend the railway to 2500 m and to expand the taxiways and parking areas that have been completed since October 2009. The plans for a third runway at 3200 meters in length were placed on ice until further notice.
Narita is considered as a result of the protests during the construction as one of the most expensive airports in the world, which are still being felt today at strict security controls and still held demonstrations. Einstein came to the landing fees for a Boeing 747, for example, 948,000 yen ( about 7,600 euros ) to 730 750 yen ( 5800 euro ) were reduced on October 1, 2005, however. For comparison, the landing fees for this aircraft but the cost Kansai Airport 825 600 yen ( 6600 euro ), while Incheon (South Korea) airport only converted 322,000 (2600 € ) and in Hong Kong only 374,000 Yen (3000 € ). Therefore, these airports were able to expand greatly its position as East Asian hub in recent years, while Narita passenger numbers virtually stagnant since 2004.
Narita Airport was converted on 1 April 2004 in a joint stock company (formerly state-owned investment fund ), which is 100 percent owned by the state. A subsequent privatization is planned. At the same time the airport on that day was renamed from " New Tokyo International Airport " to " Narita Airport". The airport has two terminals and is across the railway lines Narita Express, Airport Narita Keisei Narita Sky Access and as well as the cost Keisei Main Line from Tokyo to achieve. Also located on the airport grounds, currently the world's only fully automatic washing system for aircraft.
Due to high costs, long transition periods ( 1.5 h to the domestic Haneda Airport and the city center of Tokyo ) and the high fuel costs and the economic crisis of 2008 occurred in this period to a decline in passenger numbers from 35 million in 2007 to 33, 8 million, the airport has yet reached its capacity limit. Was particularly strong in this time returns the freight transport. For this reason, a modernization of the terminals were carried out for the Airbus A380 and created more spaces for the Aircrafts. In July 2010, the rail line Narita Sky Express was opened, since then drive the Skyliner trains of the railway company Keisei Dentetsu the city center via the.
End of 2009, the case of the Chinese human rights activist Feng Zhenghu came to international attention: China repeatedly refused him re-entry, after which he did not leave the immigration area of the airport Tokyo Narita months.
- On Monday, 23 March 2009, coming from Guangzhou, China FedEx cargo plane of the type McDonnell Douglas MD -11 crashed with the registration N526FE landing. Surveillance cameras documented that the aircraft with the main landing gear touched down on the runway first hard then again jumped into the air. Then put it with the nose gear first on, overturned and caught fire. Preliminary reports indicate gale-force gusts of up to 72 km / h are considered to be the cause of the accident. In the accident, the two pilots died.
- 2002: 29.1 million
- 2003: 26.73 million
- 2004: 31.22 million
- 2005: 31.55 million
- 2006: 31.82 million
- 2007: > 35 million
- 2008: 33.5 million
A common Japanese term " Narita divorce" (成 田 离婚, Narita Rikon ), which alludes to the distinctions that follow in Japanese newlyweds often directly to the spent abroad honeymoon, where couples often for the first time away from everyday life and the domestic social control extended period " to one another squat " and determine that they do not fit together.
Narita Rikon is also the title of a multi-part television comedy that aired in Japan in late autumn 1997, and has this social phenomenon on the topic.