National Board of Review
The National Board of Review ( NBR) is a New York organization of filmmakers and film scholars who have awarded major annual film awards.
The National Board of Review of Motion Pictures was founded in 1909 in New York as a protest against then- Mayor George McClennan. This had a year earlier enacted the repeal of the gaming license of movies to stop the demoralizing effect of the fledgling medium on the population.
On their constitutionally guaranteed freedom of expression consisting to cinema operators were doing ( like Marcus Loew ), film distribution ( Pathé and others) and the private art college Cooper Union for the New York Board of Motion Picture Censorship together (1912 renamed the National Board of Censorship and 1915 in National Board of Review of Motion Pictures ). They wanted to honor outstanding films and stand up for the new, culturally groundbreaking art form.
To avoid the censoring of films by the government, the National Board of Review in 1915 became the unofficial testing of new releases. Until the 1950s, appeared in the opening or closing credits of films the cachet Passed by the National Board of Review. Worldwide attention was also published magazines such as the National Board of Review Magazine (1926-1942) or film in Review ( since 1950 ) in which published the likes of Pearl S. Buck, Alfred Hitchcock, Fritz Lang or Tennessee Williams.
Today, the National Board of Review is a nonprofit organization of filmmakers, as well as teachers, students and historians in the field of film. Principal activity is the provision of seminars and courses and the awarding of scholarships.
Award and categories
Since 1920, voting members of the NBR from about the best film work of the year, published until 1928 in lists, each with 40 titles in alphabetical order, from 1929 as alphabetical lists of the Top 10 Best Films and the Top 5 Best Foreign film. Since 1932 the best film is also from these top 10 since 1934 and awarded the best foreign film. Today, the NBR sees every year more than 300 films in the presence of the filmmakers, and evaluated at the end of each year the best films in up to 28 different categories. As between the NBR and the film industry is no connection, and because it traditionally assigns the first film circles annually its film prices (usually in December ), the NBR Award enjoys a reputation as an alternative to the Oscars, to be based more on the hit movie than on film art seem. Since 2000, the movie awards will be presented at a ceremony in January, but the announcement of the winners one months previously maintained.
The price ranges of the Year 2010 (awarded since called the film year, not the year the award ceremony ):