National Congress of the Communist Party of China
The Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC ) (Chinese中国 共产党 全国 代表 大会, Pinyin Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Quanguo Dàibiǎo DAHUI ) in the cycle takes place every five years in accordance with and shall be convened by the Central Committee ( CC) of the CCP. If the CC considers it necessary or at the provincial level, ask about a third of all organizations, it can be called ahead of schedule. The Congress of the CPC has the following functions and powers:
The First Congress in 1921 in Shanghai with 13 delegates representing more than 50 members, instead. The Second Party Congress in 1922, on the 12 delegates representing 195 members, decided as a maximum program the construction of socialism and communism and adopted the first party statute. At the Fifth Party Congress in 1927 represented 80 delegates 57 967 members. Then could be more done because of the suppression by the Kuomintang no party days in China. The VI. Congress took place in 1928 in Moscow. It was not until 1945, the Seventh Congress was conducted in Yan'an. On Mao Zedong recognized him as party leader and explained the next Maoism Marxism-Leninism to the Guideline of the CCP.
Party days since the founding of the PRC ( 1949)
1956, the Eighth Congress was held at the 1026 delegates represented 10.73 million members. He laid down the policies of the party work in the new China. At this congress was attended by several delegations of foreign communist and workers' parties. The delegation of the CPSU headed Anastas Mikoyan Hovhannessi that the SED, Walter Ulbricht.
From 1st to April 24th, 1969 was the IX. Congress instead. At this congress the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution was declared over.
"For the IX. Congress of the CPC adopted the following agenda:
At the party congress was attended by a total of 1 512 delegates. For the first time, representatives of the Red Guards were present. "
The main document of this Congress was the new party statute. "The first time in the history of the labor movement was statuary set of chairman Mao Zedong [ Mao Zedong ] ... Even his deputy, was written statuary: Lin Bi [a ] o This was unusual and irritated quite a few. "
The Tenth Party Congress In 1973, the " ultra-left " line of the IX. Congress continues. 28 million members were represented by delegates in 1249. " The delegates of the party members from the ranks of the workers, peasants and soldiers made 67 percent of the total delegates and the women about 20 percent."
The XI. Congress was held in 1977. More than 35 million members in 1510 were represented by delegates. "Of the delegates were 72.4 percent of workers, peasants, soldiers and other working people, 6.7 percent of revolutionary intellectuals, 20.9 percent of revolutionary cadres. 19 percent were female party members, 9.3 percent of party members from national minorities and 73.8 percent Mittelaltrige and young people. " On the first Congress after the death of Mao Zedong, the gang of four was sentenced, Hua Guofeng confirmed as the new party leaders (Chairman of the Central Committee ) and Deng Xiaoping finally rehabilitated by his election as Vice-Chairman of the Central Committee. (1981 Hua Guofeng had to resign as Chairman of the Central Committee and was succeeded by Hu Yaobang. )
In 1982, the XII. Party as the main task of the party down the socialist modernization of the country. The 39 million members were represented by delegates in 1545. Hu Yaobang was given the post of General Secretary of the Central Committee, who previously was Chairman of the Central Committee allocated.
1987 formulated the XIII. Congress, on the 1936 delegates representing 46 million members, the theory of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Zhao Ziyang was elected as the new Secretary General of the Central Committee. ( In 1989 he was deposed because of its fairly moderate position towards the democracy movement, his successor Jiang Zemin was elected. )
In 1992, the Fourteenth Party Congress took place. On it were of 1989 delegates over 51 million members. Jiang Zemin was confirmed in office. As a goal of economic reform a socialist market economy was reported.
1997, at the XV. Party Congress, delegates representing 58 million members in 2048. Jiang Zemin was reconfirmed in office. The Deng Xiaoping Theory was explained next to Marxism- Leninism and the Maozedongideen the guideline of the party.
2002 was the XVI. Party Congress, the first in the third millennium, instead. 2120 delegates representing 66 million Party members. Jiang Zemin did not run for the office of the Secretary of the Central Committee, and was succeeded by Hu Jintao. The congress decided that by 2020, a quadrupling of GDP compared to 2000 is to be achieved. The theory of the triple Represents been declared next to Marxism -Leninism, the Maozedongideen and Deng Xiaoping Theory to the guideline of the party.
In the XVII. Party Congress in 2007 representing 2220 delegates over 73 million members. Hu Jintao was confirmed in office.
The XVIII. Congress was opened by Hu Jintao in Beijing on 8 November 2012. At the end of the week-long congress is of the 2,300 delegates to a leadership change to be approved - Vice President Xi Jinping is expected to replace Hu as party leaders.
The speeches of Mao Zedong at the Seventh Party Congress are contained in Volume III of the Selected Works of Mao Tse-tung ( Foreign Languages Publishing, Beijing, 1969).
- Liu Look -chi: About the party. Presentation on the amendment of the party statute at the Seventh Congress of the Communist Party of China in May 1945. Dietz Verlag Berlin 1954.
- Zhou Enlai: About the united front. Speech at the Seventh Congress of the Communist Party of China. ( in: . Selected Writings Volume I. Publisher Foreign Languages Press, Beijing, 1981)
- The Eighth Congress of the Chinese Communist Party. Documents. ( three volumes ) Publisher Foreign Languages Press, Peking 1956.
- Documents of the IX. Congress of the Communist Party of China. Publisher Foreign Languages Press, Peking 1969.
- The Tenth Congress of the Communist Party of China. Documents. Publisher Foreign Languages Press, Peking 1973.
- The XI. Congress of the Communist Party of China. Documents. Publisher Foreign Languages Press, Peking 1977.
- The XII. Congress of the Communist Party of China. Documents. Publisher Foreign Languages Press, Beijing 1982.
- XIII. Congress of the Communist Party of China. Materials. Dietz Verlag Berlin 1987. ISBN 3-320-01227-4
- Jiang Zemin: Report on the XV. Congress of the Communist Party of China. ( in: Beijing Review, Issue 40 /1997)
- Documents of XVI. Congress of the Communist Party of China. Publisher Foreign Languages Press, Beijing, 2002.
- Documents of the XVII. Congress of the Communist Party of China. Publisher Foreign Languages Press, Beijing, 2007.