A national holiday is usually a public holiday to mark an important event for a nation.
Many countries celebrate their national day of the founding of the state or of obtaining the independence (USA Independence Day). In Germany, October 3rd is celebrated as German Unity Day as a national holiday. Austria is celebrating the National Day on 26 October, the day on which in 1955 the law was passing through the Austrian neutrality. In Switzerland, is August 1, in memory of the Federal Charter of 1291, the Swiss Federal Holiday.
France recalls on 14 July ( Fête nationale or 14 juillet ) the storming of the Bastille. There are national holidays which are related to the outcome of a war, such as the Day of Peace or Victory Day. A day of liberation to commemorate the surrender of the Wehrmacht and the victory over Nazi Germany, in Italy there (April 25 ), the Netherlands (May 5), Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, France, Kyrgyzstan, Poland, Kazakhstan, Serbia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Turkmenistan (all on 8 May), in Georgia, the Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Belarus (all on 9 May).
The Vatican City presents its National Day traditionally on the day of the inauguration of the current pope. Since Pope Francis, this is March 19.
Some states also have several national holidays. A few states have no official national holiday, such as Denmark ( unofficially: Grundlovsdag on 5 June ) and the United Kingdom (see National ( UK ) ).