National Progressive Front (Iraq)

The National Progressive Front (Arabic الجبهة الوطنية التقدمية, DMG al - Ǧabha al - Waṭaniyya at- Taqaddumiyya, English National Progressive Front, also National Progressive Front called ) was a coalition between the ruling Baath Party, Nasserist and several block parties in Iraq. It consisted 1973-1979 and leaned against the National Progressive Front in Syria, which is ruled by the Syrian Baath Party. Through a multi-party system should be introduced in the country that was ruled by the Baath Party. In the Command Council, however, no Nichtbaathisten were present.

Structure and members

On the eve of the takeover of the Iraqi Baath Party in July 1968 Fuad had ar - Rikabi for a coalition of Nasserist, Baathist left advertised ( prosyrischer wing of the Iraqi Baath ) and communists. However, he was arrested and sent to prison in 1971 lost their lives.

After completion of the Iraqi- Soviet Friendship Pact of 1972, the Iraqi Baath leadership to integrate the previously persecuted Iraqi Communist Party began. 1973, a formal coalition was agreed, however, the Democratic Party of Kurdistan broke on the issue of government involvement. Ubaidullah Barzani, the eldest son of the party founder, founded a rival party leadership and was Minister of State in Baghdad ( 1974-1980 ). Behind another DPK spin-offs were mostly only Kurdish individual personalities.

The Progressive Patriotic National Front in 1974 formally educated (al- al - Dschabha Wataniyya al - Qaumiyya al - Taqaddumiyya, abbreviation PPNF ) included not only the Iraqi Baath Party to:

  • Iraqi Communist Party ( instead Iraqi Communist vanguard organization since 1979 /80)
  • Kurdistan Democratic Party ( KDP - Neo, proirakische fraction under Hashim Aqrawi and Ubaidullah Barzani )
  • Kurdish Revolutionary Party ( KDP elimination under Abd as- Sattar Sharif )
  • Progressive movement Kurds ( more DPK elimination )
  • Movement independent Democrats (1975 add reference)
  • Movement of progressive nationalists (1975 add reference)

Apparently ( so Sluglett ), the Communists had given up the belief that they can drag the Baath Party to the left. As in Syria nichtbaathistischen the parties was forbidden to operate Agition in the armed forces and security agencies. 1976, a law was passed that such nichtbaathistische Agition in the armed forces presented under penalty of death, and 1978, several communists were executed, who had tried to form a party cell in the army. After leaving the Communist leadership of the National Front in 1980 was reassembled differently. A splinter group of the Iraqi Communist Party - the Iraqi Communist vanguard organization - but held on to the cooperation with the Baath party and was represented by 2003 with a deputy in the Parliament.

Despite some communist and Kurdish ministers in the Iraqi central government but no nichtbaathistisches member of the National Front was ever added to the Revolutionary Command Council, the actual leadership of Iraq.