The Nationalist Front ( NF) was a German right-wing party, founded in 1985, which was banned in 1992 as unconstitutional organization.
After the banning of the People's Socialist Movement of Germany / the Labour Party ( VSBD ) and the detention of Friedhelm Busse in 1982 founded Busse- trailer in September 1983 in Munich, the National Front / Federal Social Revolutionary Nationalists ( NF / BSN ) as VSBD successor organization. 1984 was called the NF / BSN into Nationalist Front.
On November 16, 1985, the NF was constituted in Steinhagen at Bielefeld as a national party. Founder and first chairman of the party was Bernhard Pauli. Pauli was previously a member of the National Democratic Student Association, the solidaristic offensive (SOL ) and the VSBD.
After internal disputes in early 1986 Pauli was replaced by Meinolf Schönborn, a former sergeant in the Army, who was expelled in November 1984 of the National Democratic Party of Germany, as the first Chairman. Schoenborn remained until the ban Chairman of the NF.
The NF established in 1989 on organizational bases in Bielefeld, Munich, Bremen and Berlin. As a party, the NF candidate in three elections: in elections in Bremen 1991 ( 0.03 %), the local elections in Berlin 1992 ( 0.31 %) and the district elections in Kelheim 1992 ( 1.29% ).
In 1992 it came to serious internal conflicts which erupted over the question of the formation of so-called National Einsatzkommandos ( NEK ), which closely emulated the the Freikorps of the Weimar period. It came to a split into two wings. The opponents to Andreas Pohl ( former drummer of force by Froide ) held on 8 August 1992 Kremmen an extraordinary party congress on which Pohl was proclaimed president. Against this coup Meinolf Schoenborn was happening legally. Him the right to continue leadership of the NF was awarded in court. As a result of Pohl and his followers left the NF and formed the Social Revolutionary Workers Front ( SrA ).
On 27 November 1992 the NF was by the then Interior Minister Rudolf Seiter (CDU ) agitation banned because of their " essential relationship with National Socialism " and its " aggressive and combative ." At the time of the ban on the NF had chapters in Detmold, Bremen and Braunschweig.
The program of the NF was based on the ideas of the brothers Gregor and Otto Strasser. The party saw itself as part of a " global movement of social revolutionary liberation nationalism." Anti-capitalist and anti-imperialist propaganda against the " fat cats " and against capitalist and communist systems were part of the national-revolutionary demagogy. Since Germany " subjected his people fate of foreign decision-making power " is, according to a requirement of the NF Ten points program would be needed, " the anti-imperialist national liberation from foreign power and their German henchmen for the peaceful future of Germany ".
The ideological core of the NF were xenophobia and anti-Semitism, based on nationalist and racist ideas. So ten point program called for in NF: " the commitment to the preservation of folk identity, the values of life and spirit of the German nation, emphatic struggle against the system of national self-dissolution, against other foreign races, immigration and the repatriation of foreigners. This fight is the same one used for the self-realization of the German people in their own nation space as a commitment to the self-realization of the threatened in their identity foreigners. "
Other demands were about the ' breaking of interest slavery "(after Gottfried Feder ) or the establishment of a " solidary national community ".
The NF was self perceived an " ideological- closed cadre party ". Potential candidates were taken under the microscope before they had to complete a six-month probationary period, which included a compulsory basic seminar. The party structure according to their own statements followed the "principle of democratic centralism ." In this " strict command hierarchy " the guidelines were set by the organization management. One level below was located the area manager, including the local group leader. The lowest level formed the base. Geographically, the NF was divided into the areas north, south and center. Formally also existed an area east, who summarized the territories east of the Oder -Neisse line.
The NF was from 1985 to 1987 nationwide publication plain text out, which was from 1981 to 1985, a youth magazine of the Young National Democrats. From 1988 to 1990, the NF news from the scene gave out, emerged from the 1991 revolt. As an internal newsletter published from 1989 to ban every six weeks of departure. In addition, there were numerous regional publications of the NF- local groups such as will and way (West Berlin), Kelheimer observers, people fight or Hetzer.
For young people aged 14 and over, there were the NF- front organization Jungsturm Germany, which was later not affected by the ban. Also, the support group for Young Germany, which was still founded by Schönborn during his time with the National Democrats and later acted as receiver for NF sympathizers, was not affected by NF- ban.
Some of the funding was from the proceeds of the NF -led Schönborn plaintext -Verlag. The publishing newspapers sales, training materials, stickers, badges, T -shirts and music CDs. Place where the publisher and the NF- training center was purchased in 1986 by Schönborn house in Bielefeld bleaching line. 1989 bought the NF another house in Detmold Pivitsheide. In 1991, the house was abandoned in Bielefeld and Detmold, the main center of the NF including publishing.
The key activities were the members training, which took place in our own training centers or in collaboration with other right-wing organizations such as the Artgemeinschaft.
The NF activists participated in various demonstrations and marches, such as Rudolf Hess Memorial marches or events heroes commemoration for fallen members of the SS. In 1991 the NF was the initiator of a campaign " an end to the Holocaust." As a sign of the violence of his followers that took place every year since 1986 military sports camps were seen.
In December 1988, the NF- member Josef Saller committed an arson attack on a house in Schwandorf in which lived mainly foreigners. Four people, Osman Can ( 49), Fatma Can ( 43), Mehmet Can (11 ) and Jürgen Hübener (47 ), burned or suffocated.
The NF as an object of intelligence activities
Like other right-wing organizations was also the NF the goal of secret service surveillance. From 1983 to 1985 Norbert Fast worked for Protection of the Constitution as an undercover agent of the North Rhine -Westphalian State Office. He was first a member of the Young National Democrats to Meinolf Schönborn and entered with him later in the NF. Fast was involved in several criminal offenses and warned his comrades dawn raids. For his information, he received 14,400 DM With this fee the NF was co-financed.
It was not until some years later succeeded in the North Rhine-Westphalia Constitution Protection, placing another undercover agent in Schönborns nearby. As of March 1991, the Solingen Bernd Schmitt was scheduled for the NF and their National Einsatzkommandos ( NEK ). Schmitt built to model the NEK a paramilitary squad organization called the German High Performance Martial Arts Association ( DHKKV ) on. From the ranks of DHKKV came three of the four perpetrators of the arson attack of Solingen.
Also, the Lower Saxony State Office for Protection of the Constitution set 1992, a V- Man in a NF. As of April 1992, the then- unemployed former skinhead Michael Wobbe, who had actually turned away from the right-wing scene, scheduled for Schönborn and the NF. Within weeks of the V- man became the security chief of the LF. The V- man was still active even after the ban on the NF, now reported Schönborn's underground activities and worked on behalf of the Constitutional protection as a travel squad to establish other groups and collect donations. Supposedly he collected about 60,000 DM for his activities within the NF he initially received DM 300 - DM 700 later in the month, plus bonuses and expenses, which occasionally made up of up to 5,000 DM per month. The V- man was entpflichtet in September 1993. He admitted in an interview in 1996 that various offenses would not have been committed without his activities.
The Military Counterintelligence ( MAD) smuggled in a 1989 V- man in Schönborns NF. The soldier Michael P. should report to barracks of the German Army and the Allies about possible plans to attack the NF. The V- man quickly found confidence von Schönborn and supplied the NF with the latest military cards as well as several dozen beds from Bundeswehr stocks for the NF- training center. About the MAD NF also received training material for engineer units as well as relevant regulations for explosive training. When the undercover agent on behalf Schönborns supposed to start military training in the Middle East, the V- man got out. In February 1990, the Bundeswehr soldier to Canada, was later transferred to the United States. In 2002 he received asylum in the USA, because its safety in Germany could not be guaranteed.
- Meinolf Schönborn
- Steffen Hupka
- Jens Pühse
- Michael Wobbe